Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Souk Gharb

The third phase (June 1982-1985) started with the invasion of Israel to Lebanon and entering its capital Beirut for two weeks and ended by the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Sidon and East Sidon to Jezzine in the South.

Israel withdrew its forces in phases from various parts of the lands it occupied.  The tactics of Israel were to allow the Christian “Lebanese Forces” to infiltrate into mixed regions and let the factions fight it out among themselves when Israel withdraws. These tactics started a civil war in the Chouf that ended with the evacuation of all Christian villages, and the follow-up civil war in the region of East Sidon that ended with the evacuation of all Christian towns toward Jezzine (under Israel occupation) or East Beirut.

Israel continued its occupation of a major part of South Lebanon until its total defeat in year 2000 and the withdrawal of its forces without negotiation or conditions.

This phase witnessed the evacuation of the armed Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) from Beirut to Tunisia, the landing of UN troops constituted from US, France, and Italy into Beirut, the assassination of elected President Bashir Gemmayel, and the gruesome slaughter of the Palestinian refugees in the camps of Sabra and Chatila in West Beirut , contrary to the guarantees for their safety offered by the USA, France and Israel.  More than two thousands civilians (Palestinians and Lebanese) were killed within two days and nights.

The multinational forces composed of mainly French and American forces vacated Lebanon after two successful suicide car bomb attacks on their headquarters.  The Shiaa party “Amal” was split, and Hezbollah was created.  Battles between these two factions will intensify with Hezbollah taking over the control of Dahieh and “Amal” retaining the administration of what is left of South Lebanon.

Amine Gemmayel was elected President of the Republic with Israel backing.  The peace treaty with Israel that President Gemmayel was negotiating failed miserably in May 17, 1983 and the Lebanese army successfully checked the advances of the Syrian forces in Souk Gharb in the Aley region and which could have left the Presidential Palace exposed at the mercy of direct artillery fires.

The relocation movements within Beirut were the consequences of Syria’s supported militias like “Amal” attacking the Palestinian camps in and around Beirut. This war against the remaining Palestinian strongholds in West Beirut started in the summer of 1985 and lasted for 5 years which enfeebled “Amal” (the main Syrian supporter) militias militarily and politically.

Hezbollah was set to broaden its base in the Shiaa population and become the sole resistance power against Israeli occupation of part of Lebanon after Syria prohibited the leftist Lebanese forces to participate in that national and legitimate resistance.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

December 2021
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