Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘South Lebanon Army


 Breaking taboo? Or sinking deep in the morass Mr. Patriarch?

The head of Lebanon’s largest Christian denomination (Maronites sect) visited a parish in central Israel on Monday, becoming the first Lebanese religious leader to come to the Jewish state since its creation in 1948.

Cardinal Bechara Ra’i, a Maronite Catholic, made the trip despite opposition at home. (The Patriarch was warned against the Zionist plans of immersing him in political problems).

His critics have said the pilgrimage implies normalization with Israel at a time when the two countries remain formally at war.

Maronite Cardinal Bechara Ra’i, here with Pope Francis, defies threats from home and goes to Jaffa, plans to head to the north next

published this May 26, 2014 in The Times of Israel:

Ra’i said his journey, tied to a visit by Pope Francis, celebrates the roots of Christianity in the region. In a veiled response to his critics, he said his motives were misunderstood.

“With all the difficulties that you heard about, with all the explanations that are not related to our visit, with all the understandings that have nothing to do with our thoughts, we came here for the goal of strengthening our belief,” he said.

Cardinal Bechara Rai, head of the Maronite Catholic Church, center, visits a church in Jaffa, a mixed Jewish and Arab neighborhood in Tel Aviv, Israel, Monday, May 26, 2014.  (photo credit: AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)

Archbishop Paul Sayah, a senior Maronite cleric, added that Ra’i’s visit is purely religious. He said it is not linked to “the regrettable situation that exists between Lebanon and Israel.” (Regrettable? After over 8 preemptive wars on Lebanon that destroyed all its infrastructures?)

Israel and Lebanon are in a state of war, and Israel held a “security zone” inside Lebanon for 18 years until it withdrew in 2000. In 2006, a 34-day war between Israel and Lebanon’s Hezbollah group left 1,200 civilian Lebanese and 160 Israelis soldiers dead.

Lebanon bans its citizens from visiting Israel or having business dealings with Israelis. However, Maronite clergy are exempt from the ban to enable them to stay in touch with the faithful in the Holy Land.

About 11,000 Maronites live in Israel.

Maronite Patriarch Beshara al-Rai (screen capture: Youtube)

The cardinal is on a weeklong visit to the Holy Land. He spent the first two days in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, lands Israel occupied in the 1967 Middle East war, but on Monday ventured into Israel for the first time.

Ra’i was cheered by several dozen faithful as he arrived at a Maronite parish in Jaffa, an ancient port that has been incorporated into Israel’s second-largest city, Tel Aviv. (Jaffa was within the Palestinian land in the UN 1947 partition plan)

Tel Aviv is the heart of secular Israel, somewhat removed from the daily friction of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. With its beachfront high-rises and pulsating nightlife, Tel Aviv also bears great resemblance to Beirut, the Lebanese capital, some 200 kilometers (130 miles) to the north.

Later in the week, Ra’i plans to meet with parishioners in northern Israel and celebrate Mass for Lebanese Christians who fought alongside Israeli troops during Israel’s occupation of the south Lebanon “security zone” buffer against armed groups.

The fighters of the South Lebanon Army and their families fled to Israel after Israel withdrew from Lebanon in 2000. In Lebanon, they are widely seen as traitors.

Ra’i’s visit overlapped with a Holy Land pilgrimage on Sunday and Monday by Francis.

Ra’i accompanied the pope during his tour of biblical Bethlehem in the West Bank on Sunday, but followed a separate program on Monday when the pontiff’s itinerary included meetings with Israeli leaders.

Lebanese media have portrayed Ra’i’s visit to Israel as a “historic sin.”

However, the cardinal was embraced by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, who awarded him with a medal, the “Star of Jerusalem,” for visiting the city and strengthening its links to the Arab world.

Sources close to Lebanon’s Hezbollah had warned last week that Ra’i’s historic visit to Israel “will not pass quietly.”

Lebanese media affiliated with Hezbollah reported massive pressure exerted on the cleric to cancel the trip, with warnings that it may endanger the lives of Christians across the Middle East.

As-Safir, a Lebanese daily affiliated with Hezbollah, reported that pressure was also exerted on the Vatican’s ambassador to Lebanon, warning him of “the possible domestic repercussions on Lebanon of the visit to the occupied land.”

“The patriarch’s move puts the Christian existence in the east in danger,” unnamed Christian sources told As-Safir, “at a time when their presence is being increasingly targeted in the entire region.”

The sources warned that Islamists could use the trip as an excuse to attack Christians. Ra’i’s predecessor Nasrallah Sfeir had declined to join a papal visit to the holy land, and Ra’i could use that precedent to “climb down the tree,” the sources added.

One article castigated Ra’i on principled grounds, far from the practical concerns for the safety of Middle East Christians.

Christian pilgrims at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem (photo credit: Issam Rimawi/Flash90)

Naivete is prohibited in politics,” read an article in pro-Hezbollah daily Al-Akhbar last Monday.

“The Maronite patriarch’s visit to ‘Israel’ at this sensitive time in the history the Arab region cannot be considered merely ‘religious’ or ‘pastoral.’”

“When Beshara Ra’i (Ra3i) travels to ‘Israel,’ with the knowledge and consent of the occupation authorities, he creates a dangerous precedent … he humanizes the enemy, breaking the taboo and opening the door to all the believers eager to visit the holy sites. When will organized tours begin, guarded by Tzahal (the IDF) and hosted by Israeli companies eager to smuggle their products into Lebanon for years?”

“The patriarch’s visit to Jerusalem cannot pass quietly,” the daily said. 

Speaking to liberal Lebanese daily An-Nahar, Ra’i rebuffed the attacks.

‘When Beshara Ra’i travels to ‘Israel,’ with the knowledge and consent of the occupation authorities, he creates a dangerous precedent … he humanizes the enemy, breaking the taboo and opening the door to all the believers eager to visit the holy sites’

“His holiness the pope will grace the patriarchate with his visit and it would be inappropriate for us not to welcome him in our lands Jordan and Palestine, which is Israel today,” Ra’i told the daily. “I know full well that Israel is an enemy state which occupies Lebanese land as well, and I respect Lebanese law [prohibiting visits to Israel]. We have no meetings with Israeli officials, and I am sorry that some Lebanese wish to create problems where there are none.”

While Coptic pilgrims from Egypt regularly visit Israel’s holy sites, Egypt’s Pope Tawadros II has outlawed such pilgrimages.

Trips to the holy sites continue to stir controversy in the Muslim world, with opponents accusing visitors of “normalization” with Israel.

Note: The Patriarch did demonstrate his naivete when he declared that the Lebanese living in Israel love Lebanon more than the Lebanese citizens and that he cannot understand why they are treated as traitors for cooperating with the occupiers in killing, maiming and torturing the Lebanese for 25 years.

Note 2: A reporter visited the Israeli colony of Kiryat Shmouna before the arrival of the Patriarch and met with the Lebanese living on Street 29. They admitted that many of their sons joined the Israeli army in the eventual “reconquering their villages in South Lebanon” Go figure this insane hubris that the Patriarch was lauding as more patriotic than the Lebanese in Lebanon.

These 11, 000 Lebanese living in Israel have a Blue identity card and enjoy many rights and amenities, including the voting right.

الرئيسية / أهم الاحداث / خاص: الشارع 29 في كريات شمونه.. يكشف ما خفي عن «اللحديين»

– See more at:

Note 3: Read more: Breaking historic taboo, Lebanese Christian leader visits central Israel | The Times of Israel

Part 3. Genesis of Hezbollah of Lebanon: Accounts of Robert Fisk

I have published three articles on the genesis of Hezbollah: One article described the geopolitical and social context of Iran Islamic revolution, and the living condition of the citizens in south Lebanon during the 22 years of Israel occupation.

How the Lebanese resistance to the Israeli occupation, particularly Hezbollah, got organized, developed, and managed to kick out Israel in the year 2000 without preconditions or any negotiation?

It is recommended, in order to appreciate the facts, eye-witness accounts, and reports of Robert Fisk, which points to the creation of Hezbollah and how it started to resist Israel occupation of Lebanon from 1982 to 2000, to read

Robert Fisk wrote the book “Affliction of a Nation” and I am reading the Arabic translated version. Fisk was the correspondent to the British The Times in Beirut and covered Lebanon civil war for nine years. I am summarizing one of the chapters.

“By 1983, a tight bonding between the political demands of the citizens in the south and religious belief set in: A close relationship between seeking peace and tranquility in isolated south region of Lebanon and the duty to martyrdom.

Every blow suffered by Israel occupation force was perceived as a means to emulating what Imam Hussein Bin Ali endured in the battle of Karbalaa against the Omayyad dynasty.

When Israel foolishly named Karbalaa one of its hired factions of militias of “Lebanese guards” to maintain “peace and orders”, the Shias comprehended the gesture as direct blasphemy.

In early October 1983, Israel threatened to close the bridge of the Awali River, the only passage to the towns and villages in the south.  Sheikh Shams el Din declared “total civil disobedience to the Israeli occupation forces”.

On October 16, the 10th day of the religious ceremony of Ashoura, an Israeli military convoy barged amid the crowd in the square of Nabatieh.  The people pelted the Israeli soldiers with stones, overturned military vehicles, and set fire in them. Israel soldiers reacted by firing live ammunition, killing two and seriously injuring 7 worshipers.

Suheil Hamoura, 19 year-old, was one of the casualties, shot in the back. Suheil was not that religious, and he came from Beirut to visit his family for the holiday. Within a week, Israeli troops suffered 9 ambush attacks.  The Shia members in the stooges “South Lebanon Army” of Major Saad Haddad, resigned their posts and joined the Amal party, created by late Imam Moussa Sadr, and headed by Nabih Beri (current chairman of the parliament).

Many collaborators with Israel were  executed.  Italian landmine named Shatchi were planted on the sides of road.

Israel blamed the two sheikhs Ragheb Harb and Abbas Harb (no relation) to be behind the escalation.  Consequently, Israel bulldozed down the house of Abbas Harb in the town of Hallousieh, in January 1984. Young sheikh 3Adel Mo2ness replaced Abbas in leading the prayer.  He told me that a helicopter flew Abbas and 5 of the townspeople to the detention center in Tyr.  When Abbas was released, he was in a terrible condition.

Sheikh Ragheb was released and rumors spread that Israel intended to assassinate Ragheb.  He was indeed killed by 3 bullets on February 1984. Within a week of the assassination, Israeli troops suffered 15 ambushes.  Israel reacted by executing dozens of prisoners in Ansar prison.  When I was visiting the town of Adlun, two Israeli jet fighters flew very low over us.

A young member of Hezbollah pointed to the jets and said: “They have no power over us

In January 1984, Saad Haddad died of cancer and was replaced by General Antoine Lahd. Lahd was to sustain several assassination attempts, and one seriously injured him.  Dozens of Shias quit the “South Lebanon Army” and joined the Lebanese resistance movement.

One Christian soldier in that army told me: “The Israelis are all pimps:  They just abuse of us with daily chores“.  An Israeli soldier told me: “I don’t want to be here. Definitely, this Ariel Sharon is a testified lunatic

Israel began constructing bunkers, 60 meters long, 6 m wide, and 15 m high.  Military buses were always escorted by tanks. In April 12, 1984, the 20 year-old Ali Safi el Din crashed his car, packed with explosives, in an Israeli convoy at Jesr Deir Kanoun.  Ali had lost his brother who was detained in Israeli army headquarter in Type. (To be continued)

Note: You may read this previous article for the political context




June 2023

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