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Masters in Mining and Metallurgy: The Phoenicians

The Island of Malta (Maleth for refuge and haven), across Libya, was reserved by the Phoenicians as one of their principle locations to save their goods in period of wars and increased sea pirate attacks.  The people in Malta made good use of the miles of underground corridors dug by the Phoenicians in order to protect themselves from the bombs dropped on them by Italy during WWII. Those ancient corridors served the Phoenicians as warehouses for their precious goods and valuable minerals.

Cape Sounion in southern Greece has endless underground galleries, similar to those in Malta.

At the single location in Salaber (Asturias) underground excavation attained a space of 4 million cubic-meter, with a base reaching deep under sea level…

According to Franz Carl Movers, a 12-kilometer channel was dug up along this desert and arid site in order to flood and wash the ore of minerals.

In Albameda, near Oviedo in north Portugal, 3 aqueducts were dug up on a hillside to provide water to the Phoenician metal plant.

The Phoenicians excavated 4,200 meters of a network of tunnels to mine precious stones in the Amazon city of Maranon in Brazil.

Adrian Paillette, an engineer scholar, commented:

“The Phoenician’s metal=works demonstrated a very high and advanced level of metallurgical expertise and artistry that the Romans and the Arabs never reached at the height of their civilizations…”

The name of the Pyrenees mountains is derived from pyretta or fire, and it is due to the multiple forest fires started by the Phoenicians explorer in order to extensively exploit the silver ore.

The water tower to feed Tyr with water had sources in underground waterways. The water soared 5 meters above the level of the water source and the tower was 20 meters in diameter. The incoming water was roaring and surging to easily power multiple large mills.

The roads of Tyre and Carthage were paved at the very early stages of their founding.

The Phoenician cement outperformed current “Portland cement“. Even after 4,000 years, the aqueducts of Paleo-Tyre, remnant of what can be seen in Ras el Ain, is still standing, indestructible, and sturdier than sheer rock.

Mind you that Tyre is derived from Tzuur, the Rock.

As Paul Valery wrote in the “Architect, 1923”:

This audacious Phoenician ceaselessly agitated the Ocean…”

Note: From “6,000 years of peaceful contribution to mankind” by late Charles Corm

Evidences the Phoenicians colonized the Americas and New Zealand…

Over 2,000 years before Columbus discovered America and the Portuguese circumnavigated Africa and Magellan ventured on the Pacific Ocean… the intrepid and adventurous mariners Chaldeans and Phoenicians of the Near East had effectively colonized the Americas (South and North) and established trading centers in the Pacific Ocean Islands and New Zealand.

You may first read the second part https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/10/02/6000-years-of-peaceful-contribution-to-mankind-by-late-charles-corm/

1. Phoenicians in Venezuela:

Prof. Dunkley explored the mouth of the Orinoco River. He discovered the “White Indians” tribe. This tribe appeared to have Germanic features, blond hair and blue eyes… They brewed and drank beer and were unseasoned primitive people. Emile Armand (1872-1962) argued that this tribe is of Phoenician origin who colonized this rich region in mineral to excavate and process. (The Phoenicians have colonized the shores of the Black Sea, currently known as the Caucasus region)

2. In Brazil:

Prof Ludovico Ciumhanej announced at a conference in 1929 that Phoenicians had been in Brazil at the time of the Trojan wars.

The Paraiba Stone gives this information: “We are Sidonian Canaanites from the city of the Merchant King. We embarked from Eztion-Geber into the Red Sea. We voyaged with 10 ships for 2 years around Africa. The hand of God Baal parted us. We landed on this island of mountains. We were 12 men and 3 women on this  “Island of Iron (barzel)”

Ludovico Ciumhanej presented evidences:

1. A stele discovered on a sandy bank of the River Serido in the province of Rio Grande do Norte said:

I came ashore a new harbor with my companions of 30 craftsmen aboard our 4 remaining ships. We marched for a few days inland to this mountain of mines. We worked here for 10 years and quarried gold, copper, and a wealth of precious stones. Sighed: Alkhton commander, Nada secretary”

2. In 1892, an inscription on a sarcophagus in Montevideo (Uruguay) read:

“During Olympic year, when Alexander, son of Philip, was king of Macedon, Ptolemy was sent forth on a mission”. Who but the Phoenicians could undertake such maritime missions to South America?

The Phoenicians excavated 4,200 meters of a network of tunnels to mine precious stones in the Amazon city of Maranon.

Maranon and Maranhao are corrupted cognate derivations of (Mar-ion) “The Great Lofty Archipelago

3.  New Zealand and Pacific Islands:

The historian James Cowan (1870-1943) argued that the Maoris of New Zealand belong to a distant branch of Caucasian people who had an important presence since antiquity. Cowan wrote:

“Customs are more persistent than languages, and most common habits of the Maoris are identical to the ancient mariners. The Maoris acquired their knowledge in astronomy from the Phoenicians with whom they have blood ties…”

Prof. A.H. Keane concurs that the “Polynesians of the East Pacific Islands (Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Tahiti, Hawaii, and Cook Islands… can trace their ancestry to historic boats that made it to their shores prior to the 14th century BC…”

4. England, Ireland, the Baltic Sea:

In the previous post I described the periplus of Himilco who set out from Carthage around 500 BC and reached England, Ireland (Holy Island), and the Baltic Sea

The Isles of Scilly (south England) is still called Cassiterides (from Kasdir or Tin, where Carthage mined the tin mineral)

Carthage also profited from the “murex” seashells in Neabra-in-Castle and established the purple dye industry.

Historian Will Durant argues that “The Phoenicians were nothing if not the Britons of antiquity…”

The German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) stressed that the Phoenicians’ amber necklaces found in Tirynsian tombs (over 3,000 years ago) were genuine and authentic amber of Baltic provenance

Note 1: Prior of the Phoenician Alphabet, writing consisted of simplified graphic images of objects and ideas, a system meant to commit to memory 10 of thousands of shapes and images.

The Phoenician alphabet entailed the simple use of phonetic images, characters representing sounds that most people utter. The characters were consonant and written from right to left

Consequently, a mere two dozen letters covered the sounds in all human languages…

The ancient Greek and Etruscan (north of Italy) adopted this alphabets around 800 BC and were almost identical with the Phoenician.

The Phoenician alphabet were transmitted along the maritime cities, first in Al Mina (current Turkey), Ras el Bassit  or Tell Sukas (north Syria), Lefkandi (Napoli) and Pithecusses (north Italy)…

Classical Greek alphabet and later Latin characters merely changed direction of the letters, sort of mirror images, added a few vowels, and wrote from left to right. (Thinking of driving cars on left or right side, just to impose rules as Empires grow stronger and uncomfortable living in the shadow of former more civilized empires)

Note 2: You may read Part 1 https://adonis49.wordpress.com/2013/09/24/the-most-ancient-and-intrepid-mariners-the-chaldean-of-the-near-east/


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October 2020
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