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Posts Tagged ‘Theory of Everything

‘I’m an Atheist’: Stephen Hawking on God and Space Travel

World-famous theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking says flat-out that he doesn’t believe in God, but he does believe that space travel offers the best hope for our species’ immortality.

Those pronouncements came during the buildup to this week’s Starmus Festival at Tenerife in the Canary Islands, where Hawking and other scientific luminaries have gathered for rounds of talks, tours and elbow-rubbing. 

The Spanish newspaper El Mundo engineered an exclusive interview with Hawking, and headlined its report with his views on the origins of the universe.

In the past, there’s been a tiny bit of ambiguity: In “A Brief History of Time,” Hawking writes that the discovery of a unifying set of scientific principles known as the theory of everything would enable scientists to “know the mind of God.”

But in a follow-up book about the quest for the theory of everything, titled “The Grand Design,” Hawking said the mechanism behind the origin of the universe was becoming so well known that God was no longer necessary.

El Mundo’s Pablo Jauregui asked about those two references to God in one of the questions he prepared for Hawking to answer, and here’s the scientist’s response:

“Before we understand science, it is natural to believe that God created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation.

What I meant by ‘we would know the mind of God’ is, we would know everything that God would know, if there were a God, which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.”

Hawking addressed the issue more delicately several years ago when he told Reuters that he was “not religious in the normal sense,” and said “God does not intervene to break the laws” that He decreed.

Since then, however, there’s been a lot more theorizing devoted to the origin of the universe. Hawking now believes that an approach known as M-theory will eventually reveal the grand design of the cosmos.

“In my opinion, there is no aspect of reality beyond the reach of the human mind,” Hawking told El Mundo.

Space travel as life insurance

Hawking’s views carry a lot of weight in popular culture — in large part because his studies of black holes, the nature of space-time and other deep subjects have earned him a reputation as one of the smartest people on Earth.

Another part of his appeal comes from his triumph over adversity: For decades, he has been fighting against amylotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS — a neurogenerative disease that’s left him almost completely paralyzed.

He can communicate only through a computer that’s controlled by the twitches of his cheek. Despite that hardship, he continues to travel and give voice-synthesized lectures at the age of 72.

The El Mundo interview says that his doctors no longer allow him to fly — which might pose a problem for his plans to fly into space once Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo suborbital rocket plane goes into service.

But whether or not Hawking gets into outer space himself, he sees that final frontier as a life insurance policy.

“It could prevent the disappearance of humanity by colonizing other planets,” El Mundo quoted Hawking as saying.

But what about the aliens?

There’s a catch: If there are other civilizations out there, we’d better be careful not to run across the bad guys, a la “Prometheus.”

Hawking has previously warned against calling too much attention to ourselves, for fear of attracting the wrong sort of extraterrestrials.

Such a visit might well be similar to Christopher Columbus’ visit to the Americas, “which didn’t turn out very well for the Native Americans,” Hawking said.

But how likely is it that intelligent life exists?

Surely someone who’s skeptical about God’s existence would be skeptical about E.T.’s existence as well, right?

Not really.

During his own Starmus lecture, evolutionary biologist (and outspoken atheist) Richard Dawkins said the astronomical evidence suggests it’s “most likely” that the universe has many forms of life — although those life forms may be on “islands separated by vast distances.”

“The idea that we are alone in the universe seems to me completely implausible and arrogant,” El Mundo quoted Dawkins as saying.

Considering the number of planets and stars that we know exist, it’s extremely unlikely that we are the only form of evolved life.”

First published September 24th 2014, 1:38 am

How astrophysicists view the universe: What is Anti-matter?

Astrophysicists love to invent new terminologies for every theory they put forward on “how the universe functions or how it was created or behaves”.  You might discover that many of these views were explained since antiquity by scholars and “philosophers”. I will give a few samples and then offer my version that might bring a consensus of the various lucubrations.

For example:

The universe is Ekpyrotic: A pair of universes collided.

The universe has White Holes that spit out matters

The universe has Dark energy: If you regularly observe an unstable object then, it will never decay (The Zeno effect in quantum mechanics).  Thus, the universe is forced back to a false vacuum.

The universe is in fact a simulated one or a Matrix universe.

The sky is a wall with an image of its stars and galaxies: The universe is a Hologram.

There are multi-universes of an infinite numbers of universes called Black Hole Babies.

There is an objective reality of space but physical possibilities do not collapse into a single occurrence.  Thus, for every decision we make a new world is born. This is labelled Many-World Interpretation.

If the universe is infinitely old then, temperature will be uniform everywhere in space.  We end up in a starless sky.  This theory is called Heat Death.

We can compose sets of constants and equations combining relativity and quantum mechanics theories to creating the Theory of Everything.

The universe can be formulated in M-Theory, an extension of String theory.

Let me contribute my own version.  Suppose there was a Big Bang and that matter and anti-matters competed to forming the universe.  They say that matter won the final battle.  Anyway, we could as well said, by convention, that anti-matter won and it would not have changed the reality.

I say, after the Big Bang (since mankind insists that the universe must be created for power sake), two universes were created on each side of the two hemispheres on the location of the Big Bang.  Our side is the universe of matter and the other side the anti-matter.

The hologram phenomenon can be interpreted as matter and anti-matter still “fighting it out” on the separation wall or region between the two universes.  The energy ignited on this wall (that is not necessary a smooth one but can be invading the territory of the two hemisphere) show images of the sky (as if we are watching a fluorescent screen).

Black Holes in our universe are centers of Baby universes.  The entrances to Black Holes spew matters and attract anti-matter.  White Holes could be the counterpart in the other universe, spewing anti-matter and retaining matters. It is probable that the antimatter universe is witnessed from our universe.

Many astrophysicists concur that the universe is expanding.  What about the theory that in this period, more Super Novas are exploding in our universe than in the antimatter universe, and thus, the matter energy released are conquering more territories in the other universe?  Would in another periods, more supernovas in the antimatter universe explode and our universe will shrink?

Since the universe is constantly active, there is no chance for the temperature of the universe to reaching steady-state, and thus, experience a “skyless sky”, no matter how old or timeless is the universe.

As for the Theory of Everything, it is a game played by fanatic rationalists who want to believe that the universe still revolves around mankind, especially man on earth.  The Theory of Everything should not affect the convinient natural laws governing our reality, but it might heat up philosophical concepts in matters of relativity, not just in the scientific fields, but expand into morality and ethics. 

In any theory, there is an exception to be resolved; once that exception is resolved, another exception pops up.  And the cycle continue until there are one too many exception to revise the entire theory.

We live in an objective reality, and the more mankind disturb nature and the universe for million of observation every day, the more the reality changes and is transformed:  Requiring natural laws to be revisited for transformations relevant to changing objective reality.


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