Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Um Kulthum

Al Haadi Adam wrote this song for Um Kulthum: “Shall I meet you tomorrow?” (أغدا ألقاك )

The Sudanese graduate Al Haadi from Cairo university fell in love with an Egyptian student girl. The girl ‘s father refused them the wedding. He dispatched many intermediaries but to no avail
Al Haadi returned to Sudan and stayed aloof from the people and sat under a tree.
Later on, the girl sent him a letter that her father agreed to their marriage.
He wrote this poem under his preferred tree, waiting for the morning to travel.
He died in his sleep.
Um Kulthum was moved by this story and decided to sing the poem.

انها راءعة فعلا” .

قصة كلمات أغنية (أغدا ألقاك )
قصة حب محزنة
غنتها أم كلثوم

كاتب القصيدة هو ( الهادي آدم ). شاب سوداني، كان طالبا في جامعة القاهرة بمصر
أحب فتاة مصرية طالبة معه وجن بها واتفقا على الزواج بعد تخرجهما. فلما تخرج تقدم الى عائلتها لخطبتها، فرفض والدها طلبه،
وأرسل العديد من الشخصيات للوساطة
ولكن لم تفلح.

عاد بعدها الشاب إلى وطنه السودان
وظل حزينا معتزلاً الناس واتخذ من ظل شجرة مقرا له.

وإذا بالبشرى تأتيه من البنت بأن والدها وافق أخيرا على
زواجه منها، فكاد لايصدق الخبر، وطار من الفرح
بانتظار الغد كي يذهب إليها ويخطبها.

وبدون شعور، ذهب إلى الشجرة وسحب قلمه
ليكتب رائعته.

*أغداً ألقاك*
*ياخوف فؤادي من غدِ*
*يا لشوقي واحتراقي*
*في انتظار الموعد..*
*آه كم أخشى غدي هذا*

*وأرجوه اقترابا*
*كنت استدنيه لكن*
*هبته لما أهابا*
*وأهلت فرحة القرب به*
*حين استجابا*

*هكذا أحتمل العمر*
*نعيما وعذابا*
*فمهجة حرة*
*وقلبا مسه الشوق فذابا*

*أغدا ألقاك*
*أنت يا جنة حبي واشتياقي وجنوني*
*أنت يا قبلة روحي وانطلاقي وشجوني*
*أغداً تشرق أضواؤك فى ليل عيوني*
*آه من فرحة أحلامي ومن خوف ظنوني*

*كم أناديك وفي لحني حنين ودعاء*
*يا رجائي أنا كم عذبني طول الرجاء*
*أنا لو لا أنت لم أحفل بمن راح وجاء*
*أنا أحيا لغد آن بأحلام اللقاء*

*فأت او لا تأتي او فإفعل بقلبي ما تشاء*
*أغداً ألقاك*
*هذه الدنيا كتاب أنت فيه الفكر*
*هذه الدنيا ليال أنت فيها العمر*
*هذه الدنيا عيون أنت فيها البصر*
*هذه الدنيا سماء أنت فيها القمر*

*فإرحم القلب الذي يصبو إليك*
*فغداً تملكه بين يديك*
*وغداً تأتلق الجنة أنهاراً وظلاّ*
*وغداً ننسى فلا نأسى على ماضٍ تولّى*

*وغداً نسهو فلا نعرف للغيب محلا*
*وغداً للحاضر الزاهر نحيا ليس إلا*
*قد يكون الغيب حلواً .. إنما الحاضر أحلى*
*أغداً ألقاك*
وذهب الهادي آدم إلى فراشه
ونام منتظرا الصباح
الذي لم يأتِ عليه
فقد فارق الحياة راحلا.
ولما علمت أم كلثوم بالقصة وأصرت على غنائها
لتبدع في أدائها…

“Planet of the Orient”: Who is Um Kulthum?

Is she the fourth modern Pyramid?

Is her silk handkerchief, tightly held in her left hand, the symbol of her singing genius?

It is November 1967:  Five months earlier, Egypt of Gamal Abdel Nasser suffered a crushing defeat by Israel.  Um Kulthum is in Paris for two concerts at the music-hall Olympia:  She is to receive 100,000 Francs for each night of performance, the highest in the history of this music-hall, and to be disbursed to Egypt’s funds of reconstruction.  Air bridges of countless charter planes and private planes are flocking from the Gulf Arab Emirates States.

Um Kulthum writes to President Charles de Gaulle: “I salute in you your action in favor of justice and peace”.  De Gaulle had suspended delivery of Mirage jet fighters to Israel after its preemptive war in June 1967 against Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.

For an hour, Um Kulthum has been sitting among the 18-member orchestra, waiting for the start of the concert.  King Hussein of Jordan, the painter Carzou, Marie Laforet, ambassadors, personalities, and journalists are among the audience.

Um Kulthum is sitting on a chair and begins with “Love of the nation” then stand up in her green jellaba and sings “Restore my liberty, free my hands…” and resume with “The ruins”.

Three songs that stretched for six hours. The audience is described in dailies as “fanatics” of tarab, chanting “Allah” and “Ya salam”

Um Kulthum (Thuma) Ibrahim el-Sayyed el Baltagui, nicknamed “Al Sitt” or “Kawkab al Shark” was born in 1900 in the rural town of Tamay el Zahayra in the Delta of the Nile, the district of Dakhalia. Her father spends his time taking care of the mosque, and interpret religious folkloric songs during wedding ceremonies (mawalid). Her mother Fatima encourages Thuma to learn to read and write and at the age of 7, Thuma is dispatched to her uncle in El Sinbillawayn (Mansoura district) to resume her schooling.

Around 1914, Egypt in under British colonialism, and Thuma’s father discovers that she has an angelic voice, psalmoding Koranic verses and joined her to his small ambulatory group.  Um Kulthum is decked in a Jelabiya as boys and her voice is spreading in the Delta as captivating and the singing group is solicited extensively.

At 16 of age, the famous oud player Zakaria Ahmed and the famous singer cheikh Aboul 3ela heard Thuma singing in the Eid el Fitr in El Sinbillawayn and ask Thuma’s father to encourage her to go to Cairo so that they train her and expand her horizon.

In 1921, Um Kulthum sees Cairo for the first time: She is to sing to a noble and rich house for a wedding. At first, the host would not accept this poor girl dressed as a peasant (felaha) to sing in his house.  The wife beg to differ.  As Um Kulthum sang, an angel hovered over the audience.

For another year, her protectors Zakaria Ahmed and cheikh Aboul 3ela write to Um Kulthum. Thuma had to wait till 1923 to be taken in charge by her music professional protectors.

Thuma learns the dawr, profane songs, and sings poems of Hafez, Abu Nawas, el Mutanabbe, Rubayyat of Omar Khayyam…  Her voice emits 14,000 vibrations (frequency) while a normal voice is about 4,000.

Sadek Ahmad becomes her impresario and advertises Thuma, to the ire of her conservative father.

In 1925, Ahmed Rami, famous song writer, listened to Um Kulthum and fell in love: He wrote over 100 songs just for Thuma.

Um Kulthum is practically a lesbian and in love of Fatima Abdel Razek.  Thuma recorded her first album in 1925 “The lover is betrayed by his eyes” and sells over 15,000 copies.

Thuma is demanded everywhere in the Arab World and she obliges. The Turkish musical style is abandoned and replaced by popular Egyptian taktoukas.  Um Kulthum is heard on radio Masr and she acted in a few movies.

Um Kulthum built a villa of two stories in the street Abou Feda in Zamalek.  Her family declined leaving the village to living in Cairo.  Only her relative Sayyeda accept to join Thuma and becomes her confident and helper.

Thuma’s mother died in 1937.  In 1948, Thuma is suffering from her eyes and needs surgery of the neck (goitre).  She is sent to the USA for professional surgery.

July 23, 1952, a military coup brings Gamal Abdel Nasser to power. The new leader calls Thuma and tells her: “I wish you resume your career: You are the link that unite all Egyptians.  Millions have need of your voice…”

Um Kulthum is being treated by surgeon professor Hafnaoui and ends up marrying him. As she said: “When we bare our body to the physician, we are nude in front of man…”

In 1960, Nasser bestowed medal of honors to Um Kulthum and Mohammad Abdel Wahhab.  The Rais Nasser says: “Abdel Wahhad, I celebrate your art, but I cannot forgive you for not associating with Um Kulthum…” Abdel Wahhab replies: “It is my greatest honor to compose songs for Um Kulthum…” and Abdel Wahhab would compose three songs to Thuma such as “You are my life” (Enta oumri).

Um Kulthum died on February 3, 1975 from renal deficiency. Million of Egyptians carried her gasket to Midan El Tahriri and on to Tuma’s mausoleum in Al Bassatine.

Note 1: Article extracted from a chapter of the French book by Gilbert Sinoue “12 women who changed the history of the Orient”

Note 2: It is reported that Jihan, wife of president Anwar Sadat, was terribly jealous of Um Kulthum as the leading women in Egypt and the Arab World.  Jihan did her best to castrate Thuma into seclusion at the end of her life.

Afro-Ashkenazi: “Arab-Jews”?

The Israeli movie director, Haim Bouzaghlo, is of Arabic origin (possibly from North Africa) and he received awards for his film “Living one more time”.

The documentary story is about the boat “Yehuda Halevy” that was carrying Arab-Jews from North Africa to Palestine in 1947. Apparently, the story of  “Yehuda Halevy” boat carrying Moroccan Jewish refugees was cancelled out from Israel school history as many stories relevant to “Arab-Jews”.

The State of Israel will be recognized by the UN in 1948 by a simple majority of a single vote.

The British mandated power blocked the boat and the refugees were diverted to Cyprus.  Ashkenazi women Jews from Europe refused to stay in the same tents with Arab-Jews on the basis of dirty Arabs.  At the end of the show, a Canadian director told Haim: “So, you are an Afro-Ashkenazi?” in reference to Afro-Americans living in ghettos in the US cities.

As Arab-Jews landed in Palestine, the Ashkenazi Jews were ready to discriminate against them.

Arthur Rosen, Zionist leader who was responsible for establishing colonies in Palestine, never denied his schemes, he said: “The European Jews will bring culture, knowledge, and education while the Arab-Jews will be hired as menial labors to build Israel

Rosen was supported in his discrimination ideology by Jabotenski, Menahim Begin, Golda Meir, and the Labor Party.

The Israelite activist Shira Ohayoun (of the movement “Arrow of Oriental democracy” that was instituted in 1996 by oriental intellectuals (read Arab-Jews) claims that the elite Ashkenazi did a thorough job, within the last 60 years, to erase and abolish Arab-Jews culture, music, literature, and history.

Now, the Afro-Ashkenazi are revolting against the persistent discrimination they have been maliciously subjected to and how Israel history was written solely by Ashkenazi Jews.

The Arab-Jews wants now to know more about their history, their culture, and want to pay tribute and respect to their ancestors who never landed in Palestine and know more about their previous motherland and roots.

The Arab-Jews were relegated to the suburbs of cities and their original language prohibited to be spoken outside their homes.  

Listening to famous Arab and Egyptian singers such as Um Kulthum and Abdel Wahhab was deemed shameful.  Arab-Jews could speak more than two languages such as Italian, Spanish, French, Arabic and Hebrew because they lived under colonial mandated powers.

They have attended good universities, but endemic European racism was the lot of the “European” Jews who mostly came from the shtetl or poor rural regions in Russia, Ukraine, and Easter Europe and lacked any culture.

Being relegated to suburbs, Arab-Jews were reduced to attending lower quality of schools and education. Many of them got into drugs and crimes prevalent in poorer quarters.

Lately, Ashkenazi in the colony of Emanuele prevented Sephardic Jewish kid girls from attending in the same class room in “Beit-Yaacoub school”  

There is heated debating battles in Israel on the causes of these discrimination.  But first, you need the Ashkenazi to admit that they purposely had discrimination policies since before the establishment of Israel.

The Ashenazi dialogue is the same and uni-directional: Basically, they claim that Zionism ideology was European in origin, planning, and execution.

They wrongly claim that Arab-Jews were rare before the establishment of Israel State and the Arab-Jew were located in tiny apartment “Ma3brout” while the Ashkenazi had to suffer living in tents in colonies; and that any discrimination was not intentional but because of lower educational standards, and on.

If Arab-Jews didn’t participate in the establishment of Israel then how can Ashkenazi explain the political jobs of the hundreds of wealthy and educated Arab-Jews who were hired in the Arab nations and in the Ottoman Empire to promoting Zionism?

Why most of the Israeli secret agents in the Arab nations were of Arab-Jews?

Were they destined to play the dirty works of the State of Israel against their own citizens in the motherlands?

What modern State the Ashkenazi wanted to establish?

How can you expect from a State to progress into a secular society when it imposed a religious archaic language such as Hebrew to be the language of the State?

Israel failed so far to have a civic Constitution on the ground that the Pharisee 650 laws should do to govern the daily behavior of citizens in a modern State.




May 2023

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