Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘UNICEF

UNICEF recommendations on pre-empting the Coronavirus epidemics

*إرشادات عامة*. اليونيسف – Unicef*

 فايروس الكورونا كبير الحجم حيث قطر الخلية 400- 500 مايكرو (micron) ، ولهذا فإن أي قناع يمنع دخولها فلا داعي من استغلال الصيادلة للتجارة بالكمامات .

 الفايروس لايستقر في الهواء بل على الأرض لذا لا ينتقل بواسطة الجو.

 فايروس الكورونا عند سقوطه على سطح معدني فإنه سيعيش 12 ساعة لذا غسل اليدين بالصابون والماء بشكل جيد يفي بالغرض.

 فايروس الكورونا عند سقوطه على الأقمشة يبقى 9 ساعات لذا غسل الملابس أو تعرضها للشمس لمدة ساعتين يفي لغرض قتله.

 يعيش الفايروس على اليدين لمدة 10 دقائق لذا وضع المعقم الكحولي في الجيب يفي بغرض الوقاية .

 في حال تعرض الفايروس لدرجة حرارة 26 – 27 مئوية سوف يُقتل فهو لا يعيش في المناطق الحارة.

 أيضا شرب الماء الحار والتعرض للشمس يفي بالغرض

 والابتعاد عن المثلجات والأكل البارد مهم.

 الغرغرة بماء دافئ وملح يقتل جراثيم اللوزتين ويمنعها من التسرب إلى الرئتين .

 الالتزام بهذه التعليمات يفي بالغرض للوقاية من الفايروس .

UNICEF انشرها لعلك تكون سبب في انقاذ روح

Refugee death toll crossing the sea passes 1,073 in record 2017

Why charities attacked for conducting Mediterranean rescues?

NGOs are being blamed for our presence, when authorities should be blamed for their absence’

Lizzie Dearden@lizziedearden

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has recorded at least 1,073 people dead or missing on the treacherous passage between Libya and Italy – a grim benchmark that was not reached until the end of May last year.

At least 150 are children, Unicef said, while warning that the real figure is likely to be far higher because unaccompanied minors’ deaths frequently go unreported.

Such is the danger of death that asylum seekers embarking on flimsy dinghies have been known to write phone numbers in marker pen on life jackets, so loved ones can be notified if their body is recovered.

More than 8,300 migrants were rescued over the Easter weekend alone, with some of those taken to safety telling aid workers around 100 of their fellow passengers had died during the voyage.

Many dinghies have capsized, seeing up to 170 people crammed on board drown, while others have been found dead in boats after being suffocated, dying of hypothermia or starving while drifting at sea.

Smugglers are pushing more and more boats into the Mediterranean as the weather improves and amid rumours of a crackdown by the Libyan coastguard, which is being bolstered by Italian funding and equipment.

The unprecedented crisis has sparked intervention by several non-governmental organisations (NGOs), who have launched their own rescue ships equipped with medical staff and supplies to bolster efforts by the EU’s Operation Sophia.

Initially welcomed by European authorities, their growing role in the Mediterranean has been met with increasing suspicion by right-wing politicians and groups now accusing them of “colluding” with smugglers.

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), whose staff work on two rescue ships, dismissed the claims as “baseless”.

Stefano Argenziano, the group’s operations manager for migration, said it rejects any accusation of cooperation with ruthless Libyan smugglers, who have turned a humanitarian crisis into a lucrative business helping fuel the country’s ongoing war.

“It’s a ludicrous accusation that’s diverting attention from the real problem,” he told The Independent.

“The real problem is that people are dying. There’s a gap in assistance and we’re starting to wonder whether this is part of a deliberate plan to step the migration flow…a deadly deterrent.”

Mr Argenziano said interventions by EU assets, excepting the Italian coastguard, were often “very little and very late” and condemned the continent’s refusal to provide other routes to safety.

“Search and rescue is not the problem, but it is not the solution either,” he added.

“It is a necessity to save lives unless politicians can produce a safe and legal alternative.”

Following the closure of the refugee route over the Aegean Sea using the controversial EU-Turkey deal last year, cooperation has been ramping up with the fragile Libyan Government of National Accord.

Italy signed an agreement backed by the EU to reduce boat crossings over the Central Mediterranean in February but it was later suspended by the justice ministry in Tripoli and remains in limbo.

Rome agreed to supply the country’s coastguard, which is itself accused of killing and abusing migrants, with 10 new boats alongside millions of euros in funding for migration initiatives.

International organisations believe the ultimate aim – transferring responsibility for rescues to Libya and holding migrants in detention centres there – is not viable amid the ongoing conflict and the widespread enslavement, capture, torture and extortion of asylum seekers.

Rob MacGillivray, the director of Save the Children’s search and rescue programme, said pushing boats back to shore from international waters would be illegal.

“It’s not going to stop crossings and even if it did, all that would happen and the routes would shift to Algeria, Tunisia or Egypt for example,” he added, rejecting accusations of NGOs colluding with smugglers.

“Safety is not the smugglers’ first priority and they will use whatever floats to send people across the Mediterranean.

“If search and rescue providers were to finish work tomorrow, would the people smugglers just fade into the background?”

In 2015, operations were mainly undertaken by Italian law-enforcement, EUNAVFOR Med or Frontex vessels.

NGO vessels were involved in less than 5% of incidents.

But they are now deployed to respond to around half of missions by the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre in Rome, which also draws on military, coastguard and commercial ships.

A cursory internet search reveals countless blogs accusing NGOs of colluding in illegal people smuggling, while numerous conspiracy theories have arisen over what far-right commentators label the “invasion of Europe”.

The latest politician to push for the Central Mediterranean route to be closed is Wolfgang Sobotka, the Austrian interior minister.

“A rescue in the open sea cannot be a ticket to Europe, because it hands organised traffickers every argument to persuade people to escape for economic reasons,” he told Germany’s DPA news agency.

“[Stopping crossings] is the only way to end the tragic and senseless deaths in the Mediterranean.”

Mr Sobotoka, from the right-wing Austrian People’s Party, claimed his country could put up borders in the event of any influx, saying the numbers seen in 2015 “must not be repeated”.

The government in Vienna is one of several to have implemented a limit on asylum seekers, with calls to halve the current annual cap of 17,000.

In Italy, the chief prosecutor in the Sicilian city of Catania has formed a task force on claims of links between NGOs and smugglers.

Carmelo Zuccaro admitted he had no proof and the public prosecutor decided not to investigate, but a fact finding mission was launched by the Italian parliament.

Frontex, the EU border agency, has also raised concern over smugglers’ alleged use of rescue vessels.

A confidential report leaked in December claimed migrants were given “clear indications before departure on the precise direction to be followed in order to reach the NGOs’ boats” and accused charities of warning rescued asylum seekers not to cooperate with Italian authorities.

Another report released by Frontex in February claimed search and rescue operations near the Libyan coast “unintentionally help criminals achieve their objectives at minimum cost, strengthen their business model by increasing the chances of success”.

It recognised that rescues were needed to comply with international legal obligations and said safe and legal routes were needed for refugees, but alleged sailing close to Libyan territorial waters acted as a “pull factor”.

The Malta-based charity Moas (Migrant Offshore Aid Station) pointed out that boat crossings increased even when Italy stopped its Mare Nostrum operation, while a recent Oxford University study found rescues have “little or no effect on the number of arrivals”.

A representative said migrants were being “increasingly used by politicians in Europe to fuel the rise of nationalism”, adding: “The migration phenomenon is not going away, and focusing only on patrolling the EU’s borders is definitely not the solution.”

With almost 37,000 asylum seekers arriving in Italy so far this year, mainly from Guinea, Nigeria and other African nations, the crisis shows no sign of slowing.

Sophie Beau, the co-founder of rescue charity SOS Mediterranée, said NGOs were being forced to act by the “failure of European states”, who should be increasing capacity themselves.

“NGOs are being blamed for our presence, when authorities should be blamed for their absence,” she added.

“There’s a humanitarian tragedy unfolding in front of our eyes at the door of Europe and we cannot just remain blind.”

Note: France wanted to depose Kaddafi because he declined to purchase French weapons: Italy is taking care of the problems that France  generated.  The USA got hold of $7 billion of gold in Libya central bank

Syria refused to have Qatar gas pipeline ending in Turkey instead of Syrian ports: Syria calamity is the problem of everyone, except Qatar…

And most horror stories in the Middle-East are of these kinds of irrational non-patient negotiations

Polio vaccination: Teams in Syria under threat?

Health workers are trying to contain a polio epidemic in Syria, but a mass immunization programme is being undermined by the danger of the conflict.

Health organizations are responding to a resurgence of polio in war-torn Syria which broke out in October after many years of a polio-free status.

Andrew Bossone published in Nature Middle East this Dec. 15, 2013

© BrazilPhotos.com / Alamy

The immunization programme – coordinated between UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and others – is the largest ever to be attempted in the Middle East and aims to immunize 23 million children across seven countries by April 2014 at a cost of $39 million.

UNICEF’s head of health and nutrition in Lebanon, Zeroual Azzeddine, says immunization rounds have been successful in Lebanon, reaching more than 580,000 children, about 98% of those targeted.

UNICEF worked with the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, to immunize children at refugee registration centres at four border entry points and through mobile teams going door-to-door.

While this may be repeated in neighboring countries, health workers in Syria face grave threats from warring government forces and armed rebel groups.

“Patients have difficulty accessing health centres and hospitals because the roads aren’t safe. There are snipers on the roofs,” said Elizabeth Hoff, WHO representative in Syria. Cars being used to transport vaccination teams of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent have reportedly been shot at.

Azzeddine says health organizations need to change their strategies. The WHO has shelved rebuilding hospitals and health centres in Syria, Hoff says, and is focusing on mobile units and training local health workers.

Targets may only be achieved, however, by exerting more pressure on both sides. Azzeddine says the WHO recently sent a high-level delegation to Syria to discuss the situation with government officials. And according to Hoff, the WHO has lobbied the Syrian ministry of foreign affairs as well as UN director general Ban Ki Moon.

Health workers also face danger from rebel groups.

Gunmen kidnapped 7 people from the International Committee of the Red Cross in October. Four of them were released the following day, but three are still missing.

Azzeddine, who has previously worked in Darfur, attributed a successful vaccination campaign there to negotiating with people from all sides of the conflict.

The only way to respond to the outbreak of measles and polio was to train people from the area to do the work because they did not accept anyone from the government side. We had people trained from both sides, and it worked.”

Note: Before this calamity that turned into a civil-war, Syria promoted public education and health insurance for all its citizens. It manufactured over 90% of the necessary medication and exported them to Lebanon at very affordable prices.

Syrian Refugees Education Program?

Syrians Forward Together (JUSOOR, Bridges)

We are writing to report back on a trip several members of the Jusoor Team made to Lebanon over the past few days in order to explore ways in which the global Syrian community could work with Syrian refugees.

Our primary focus during the visit was exploring ways to work with children and youth among the refugee population, and particularly around education programs

On March 17, 2013, Jusoor posted

Refugee Education Program Background

.
This week’s heartbreaking UNICEF report, regarding the plight of Syrian refugee children which warns of  a “lost generation” of Syrian children, reiterates the urgency of pursuing such a program (pressfull report).  Take the time to read the full report.

What is Jusoor Looking to do? 

We would like to find opportunities for Syrians from around the world  to work with Syrian refugee children and youth.

Programs like these are core to Jusoor’s mission of engaging the global Syrian population in initiatives that will support the country’s development.

What we learned while in Lebanon?

During our visit, we met with 10 organizations working with Syrian children refugees in Lebanon, including international humanitarian organizations (Save the Children, War Child, UNICEF, USAID), local Lebanese philanthropic organizations and NGOs and Syrian refugee NGOs.

Here is what we learned around the challenges facing Syrian children and youth in Lebanon:

The government and multinational NGOs are trying to integrate the Syrian refugees into the Lebanese educational system.  This effort is fraught with challenges, including:

1. Language barriers:  Starting in middle school, the Lebanese curriculum is taught primarily in French or English, unlike the Syrian system which is taught in Arabic.

This is causing a huge challenge for middle school aged students to integrate. The global NGO community is working on providing language classes to as many Syrian students as possible to help integrate them into the system, but even with language support, there are high drop-out rates among Syrians in the Lebanese system and the international programs are only to support a very small proportion of the refugees.

2. Numbers:  Tragically, there are now an estimated 1 million Syrians in Lebanon which could mean more than 400,000 school aged children.  Meanwhile, there are only 300,000 Lebanese students in the school system.  As you can imagine, these numbers are going to overwhelm the Lebanese education system.

Meanwhile, there are several grassroots efforts springing up to set up Syrian curriculum schools for the refugees.

This effort is largely being led by the Syrian refugees themselves, though there is some assistance from Lebanese philanthropic organizations and some global NGOs.  The rationale for these schools is that they may have a better chance of getting students educated given the challenges of getting absorbed into the Lebanese system.

3. Overall, we were very impressed by the operations of these schools. They have hired former teachers from within the Syrian refugee population and have established partnerships with Lebanese private schools to use buildings in the afternoon.

  • The mere act of attending school is incredibly beneficial to these young Syrians; we observed them in the classroom and it was clear that having the chance to go to school allowed the children to begin to be children again.
  • The primary challenges these schools face are around funding.  The biggest challenge is transportation as many of the refugees live very far away from the schools.
  • There is great controversy over whether setting up these schools is the right thing to do.  On the one hand, they are not accredited by anyone and will likely not get accreditation. On the other hand, they are at least ensuring that our Syrian children remain literate and learn basic arithmetic.

There are several critical gaps and challenges facing Syrian youngsters in Lebanon including:

1. There is a real danger of illiteracy.

Given the high number of refugees cited above, many are not being reached by the education efforts that are being set up.  Anecdotally, several people we mentioned that children are forgetting how to read.

2. Older children are not being addressed in the solutions being put in place.

In particular, the global programs such as UNICEF are designed to support children up until 12 years of age.  That leaves the age group of 15 to 25 very underserved. In addition to a need for continued education among this group, there is also need for support with job placement.

3. Need for vocational training:  Several refugees are much better suited for vocational training than traditional education.  There are limited such opportunities in place.  Almost all of the refugee education funding is going to towards supporting traditional schooling.

What programs might make sense for Jusoor to pursue?

During our visit, we explored several potential programs for Jusoor to pursue.   In the short-term, we will most likely focus on the Community Center and the summer camps.  Stay tuned for details on how to get involved in these programs.

A. Community centers:  The leading program idea for Jusoor is to establish a community center to support youth between the ages of 15 and 25.  The idea would be to support them towards two specific objectives:

(1) job placement (we would particularly focus on finding them jobs with the global NGO organizations that are doing work with Syrian refugees) and

(2) reintegration into the education system by providing mentorship around scholarships and programs available to these students.  These community centers would be located nearby areas with high refugee concentrations.

B. Summer camps:  The idea would be to host a series of one week long camps for Syrian refugee children that would give them a chance to play and have fun as well as indirectly work on some of the social challenges we need to address (e.g., football / soccer matches that have children of different sects and religions playing together, theater, volunteer programs to encourage active citizenship).

C. Supporting one of the Syrian curriculum schools: The idea would be to send in volunteers to teach the English classes and to facilitate sports and recreational activities with the students. There is also important financial support that could benefit these schools, such as supporting transportation, buying books, and teacher (refugee) salaries.

What’s next? 

Next, Jusoor will focus on making one or a few of these programs a reality by establishing a business plan, entering into local partnerships, and launching some fundraising.  We’ll then open up the effort to volunteers among all of you.

Stay tuned for details on how you can get involved.  In the meantime, if you’d like to help us develop these programs please let us know.

We will also be sending our members a list of several programs they can volunteer with on their own if they are visiting Lebanon for the summer that support refugees in various ways.
We urgently need to find volunteers on the ground in Lebanon to play a key role in helping us build and execute these programs.  If you are based in Lebanon and would like to help us build these programs, please let us know.

Needless to say, our hearts were broken over the past week to see the state of Syrian refugee plight and especially those of our children and our hope for the country and its future.  We are working very hard to create programs for us each to get involved in supporting the education of young Syrians.
Sincerely,
The Jusoor Leadership Team

The under-developed countries are plagued with common diseases: any Resolutions? (February 15, 2009)

Fundamentally, most governance in “non-developed” countries is performed on a caste-structure basis, regardless of religion, race, language, or colonial mandates. 

I have written many articles on caste structures but this is not the topic of this articles.

The facts are that many diseases that have been conquered and eliminated in the developed States, are still raging in the poorer States, and millions die uselessly, especially kids under 5 year-old.

 Why the funds and medical aides from the developed States and the UN are not making a dent in saving millions from common diseases that already had remedies for decades? 

Since 1941, penicillin has vanquished countless microbes and new antibiotics are being produced to counter the resilience of microbes that have developed resistance strategies, such as the Staphylococcus and other Streptococcus.

Diseases like malaria, diarrhea, measles, tuberculosis, cholera, polio, and countless others banal diseases that have vaccines, or can be treated with antibiotics, are still rampant and killing everyday thousands of babies and adult under-developed States.

The best angle to analyze the topic is to divide the diseases in three categories: 

The first category represents the diseases that have effective and cheap vaccines and antibiotics;

The second category represents disease that require costly vaccines, expensive treatments, and common surgeries, but can effectively cure;

And the third category is reserved for diseases that have no cures, but can be contained for several years until progress is achieved like AIDS and a few other cancerous cases.

For the third category, funds are allocated to the under-developed States, simply because the rich States need guinea pigs to experiment with treatments that are traumatic in their own communities.

The first category is the most promising for decreasing drastically the casualties at an affordable cost.  Basically, the vaccines and the prior generations of antibiotics have already covered the expense of experimentation, and have been a cash cow for many decades. 

The main expense would be to train local nurses in remote communities, and university students in medicine, to administer vaccines and inexpensive antibiotics that are still effective.

The second category is not as urgent for the under-developed States as the funding and the structural organizations for eradicating the diseases in the first category. 

There has been a mobilization in 1994 for creating a world bank for medicaments and vaccines, and a few States invested funds in that bank, but there was lack of active pursuit for the long-term. 

All the health related branches in the UN such as UNICEF, OMS, PAM, FUND, Red Cross, and Red Crescent have been working on the field for many decades, but diseases are gaining the upper hand.

The scarcity of resources allocated to fighting disease in the under-developed States need to be restructured.  Priority should be given to diseases in category #1, before attacking effectively diseases in category 2. 

At least, trained nurses and medical students would be ready to tackle more complex treatments.

Note: Constitutions in the under-developed States are shells. Constitutions were created to satisfy the basic requirements for adhering to the UN as a member State. Saudi Arabia failed to satisfy even a single clause of the UN Charters.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
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