Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Uzbakistan

Valleys can be scary places; the richer the valley the scarier: everyone wants a piece of it.  There is this valley called Fergana shared by the States of Kirghistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan.  There are two rivers, Kar Daria and Naryn, taking sources in Kyrgyzstan (the State that witnessed political and social turmoil lately and where over 80,000 took refuge in Uzbekistan and then returned:  They surely have seen conditions of refugees on cables and knew better to return home quickly and not linger a day more.)  Yes, many people of Uzbekistan origin were massacred in the two cities of Jalalabad and Och.  The two rivers join in Fergana Valley and generate the famous Syr-Daria River that flow in Kazakhstan and ends in the Aral Sea.

Cotton is the main produce in that rich valley. Go figure, as if they can eat cotton at a time when every drop of “unsalt” water counts.  I distinguish between unsalted water a potable water;  there are no potable water anymore: Dogs are dying drinking water. As if the people in that region care for cotton when wearing bear coat is considered light dress.  States with lands by major rivers (or not that major) want to grow cotton; they don’t mind be the new slaves, hand picking cotton as during the US Confederate States period while cotton growers in the US are subsidized by the government in this so-called Global Fair Trade Agreement or Act.

There are three dams on the Naryn, two of them are under construction and the neighboring States are worried about “water politics ” when the US, Russia, and China decide to fight it out in Central Asia.  Russia decided not to intervene militarily in Kyrgyzstan because it was suspicious that soldiers from the neighboring States might decide not to vacate the areas by the two river sources on ground of “sovereign interests.”  Actually, there were many mercenaries from Uzbekistan infiltrating in Kyrgyzstan before the latest flap.  Any destabilization in these sensitive regions will confront the three superpowers.  The US and Russia have already military bases in Kyrgyzstan; the Ouigour region in China (that witnessed heavy social turmoil last year) is bordering Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.  The two major routes for the opium grown in Afghanistan cross Kyrgyzstan; another strategic product that neighboring States want to get its monopoly.

Geography is as basic in geopolitics and humanities departments as math is to sciences. Egypt grows cotton and many African States bordering the Niger River.  Gamal Abdel Nasser was forced to side with the Soviet Union because it financed the Aswan Dam.  The US government was ready to finance this dam but cotton grower’s lobbyists pressured the government to desist.  If these cotton growers knew that the US government would subsidize intensive agro-businesses then, they would have let the US finance all kinds of dams anywhere on earth: they would sit tight and receive subsidies.

Slavery is still strong and expanding.  There are millions of slaves in so-called independent States growing cotton and hand picking cotton.  There is this cloud and it may rain anywhere it wishes; the wealth is reverted to the vaults of the superpower nations; a small portion of that wealth is redistributed as loans and grants to keeping slaves surviving and producing.

Did Tamerlane (Timor Lank) Create Empires?

There is this army commander of the 14th century who kept his army on the march longer (for over 25 years) and crossed more lands than Alexander, Genghis Khan, or Attila and conquered more Empires and was never defeated and slept in his tent, outside city-limits, even in his Capital Samarkand (in current Uzbekistan).

The Persian gave him the nickname Lank because he was slightly lame in one leg.  This is Timor Lank who was not the son of any Monarch, prince, or even a tribal leader.

Timor Lank was from the Caucasus region (probably around the region of Azerbaijan and Chechnya (I get pretty upset when history authors fail to located current geographical areas and just paste the ancient names).

He was a Moslem and veneered Imams and clerics claimed to be descendants of the Prophet Muhammad’s family, and who wore the black turban.

Otherwise, he didn’t give a hoot about Moslems when conquering lands and people. He killed mostly Moslems since the vast area of his operations were mostly Islam Land.

For example, he built pyramids of skulls: 60,000 heads in Asfahan (Iran), 3,000 in Aleppo, and many other skull pyramids in India…

First, Timor Lank chased out the Tatar “Golden Hordes” (led by a descendant of Genghis Khan) along the Volga River (current Russia) and burned and sacked all their cities and villages.  He did not resume his operations, but by the end of his war, the Golden Hordes were weakened and displaced.  It was the fate of the Russian Tsar, Ivan the Terrible, to finish off the job against the Tatars in the 16th century and expand his Empire. You may claim that Tamerlane ultimately created current Russia.

Timor Lank captured Samarkand and made it its Capital.

He descended on Persia and conquered this Empire and beheaded over 60,000 of the population in Isfahan and piled up the head in shapes of pyramids.  This city surrendered peacefully and Timor Lank had no plans to occupy it; he was just crossing!

It happened that for a few cases of rape within the city by Timor Lank’s garrison of 500 soldiers, the inhabitants slaughtered the soldiers.  Timor Lank was camping outside city limit, always in his tent. And the reaction was a nightmare on the city inhabitants.

The commander moved on toward Turkey in 1400.  The Turkish Sultan army was completely demolished and the Sultan was put in a tiny cage so that Timor Lank could use it as a stool to mount his horse. This commander could have conquered all of Turkey, but instead he headed south to enter Aleppo and Damascus in Syria.

If Timor Lank had not vanquished the Turkish army then the Byzantium Capital of Constantinople would have fallen 50 years earlier along with most of Europe.

There would be no Western Europe or the Renaissance:  at that time, the enmities between Genoa and Venice was at its zenith, the Kingdom of Poland was weak, there was no Russian Empire, and the King Henry of Portugal had not begun challenging the high seas to discover new routes to India and the Far East.

And the King of France Charles 8 would not have entered and ruined Rome and displaced the skilled artisans and thinkers, located and concentrated in Papal Rome, to all over western Europe that started the Renaissance.

In the 13th century, the Mameluke Sultan of Egypt had moved out from Egypt with his army and defeated the Mogul army of Hulagu in Palestine around 1250.  This time around, the Mameluke Sultan did not venture to come out to rescue his vassals  in Syria.

Damascus put up a serious fight, but Timor Lank tactics were always to destabilize any city before setting siege.  The skilled people in Syria and Palestine were sent to build and develop Samarkand. (That is the story of the Levant since antiquity: armies conquer The Levant to capture its skilled workers.)

The Ottoman Sultan would later defeat the Mameluke Sultan in the 16th century and conquer Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and all North African countries.

Timor Lank conquered Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.

One of Timor Lank offspring would establish the Mogul Empire in India (the Punjab) that lasted over 5 centuries.  The British Empire would finally take over all of India by the end of the 19th century, but failed to retain Afghanistan after two bloody massacres of its troops.

The British had drawn the current borders among Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Kashmir.  As well as drawing many other borders in the Middle-East and Africa with colonial France

This ruthless commander Tamerlane was getting ready to march on China when he died at the age of 63.

Note:  My published novel on “Rainbow over the Levant” is set in that time period.




January 2023

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