Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Vatican

Modern Batch of Banned Manuscripts (April 20, 2009)

 

            Censuring of books was not the sole domain of the Vatican or other religious sacerdotal castes; the State governments, special associations “for preserving morals”, and other politically oriented organizations shared in restricting freedom of opinions.  Private court cases are preponderant at this age for extorting royalty fees or any other excuses such as safeguarding privacy.

 

            Gustave Flaubert published “Madame Bovary” in 1856 and the novel was deemed the worst scandal in that half of century. The French government realized that the novel represented the end of romanticism and the advent of reality of life in the provinces. Emma was no longer satisfied with her quaint life and wanted to experiment with her passions. The French State prosecutor banned “Madame Bovary”, “Les Fleurs du Mal” by Baudelaire, and “Mysteres du People” by Eugene Sue.  In 2007, a poll survey of the Anglo-Americans showed that “Madame Bovary” came second after “Anna Karenina” by Tolstoy.

            In 1863, the theologian Ernest Renan published “Life of Jesus”; it reconstructed the life of Jesus devoid of divine nature. It was an instant scandal and the manuscript was re-published 24 times before the end of 1864.  Renan was excommunicated after his death!

James Joyce published in 1918 “Ulysses”; it was an epic poem that recounts the peregrination of an Irish man, Leopold Bloom, in Dublin between 8 a.m. and 3 a.m.  One episode “Nausicaa” brought hell fire of censure from every corner.  Leopold courted a girl swimming nude during fire work and their orgasm coincided with the explosion of the “bouquet” of the fire work. The book “Ulysses” was persecuted by successive court orders for over ten years.

“Lady Chatterley’s Lover” by David H. Lawrence was published in 1928.  It disturbed the social order of class structure because an aristocratic lady deigned to become in love of her employee.  Even thirty-two years later, Britain would prosecute an Italian version.

“Tropics of Cancer” by Henry Miller was published in 1934 in Paris. It is about the personal sexual adventures of the author in minute details. For over 30 years no US publishers would dare touch this manuscript for “obscenity”. Miller’s “Sexus” was even banned in France between the years 1950 to 1964.

Louis-Ferdinand Celine published “Bagatelles pour un massacre”in 1937.  It was labeled hostile to Jews.  It enjoyed many editions during Nazi occupation of France but was never re-edited after 1945 on the ground that his widowed, Lucette Destouches, the sole owner of rights, wanted to respect the author’s wishes!  Celine had published the famous “Voyage au bout de la nuit”.

Nikos Kazantzakis published in Athens “The Last Temptation of Christ” in 1954. It relates a dream that Christ had while crucified of how it would have been his life among his wife and children. Christ would wake up from the dream and then He shouted “Everything is accomplished”.  It was 34 years later when projected as a movie by Martin Scorsese that all hell broke loose; movie theaters were attacked and burned; 14 of movie watchers were injured.

Christian Bourgois was declined by 13 editors before his first novel “L’Epi Monstre” is published in 1961; Christian has 21 years of age and that wrote the manuscript in 10 days. Christian was a nurse with the French army during the Algerian Revolution.  The story is about a communist widower who had incestuous relations with his two girls; one commits suicide and the other is killed by her father. The ban will be lifted in 2002.  Bougois published “Jeanne la Pudeur” and was also banned

Vassili Grossman (1905-1964) wrote “Life and Destiny”; he was a reporter for the Bolshevik daily “The Red Star” during the Second World War and witnessed the horrors of the war and detention centers. Vassili took precautions to leaving two microfilms of his manuscript with Andrei Sakharov and Vladimir Dimitrijevic.  The KGB had confiscated the manuscript, the carbon copy, and the typewriter ribbons.  “Life and Destiny” was published in 1980; it is in the genre of “War and Peace” of 800 pages that uncovers the resemblance of totalitarianism, the rejection of to all kinds of submissions, and the communication with “little people”.  It demonstrates the tyranny of the “Good” and how it can become an epidemic worst than “Evil”

“The Archipelago of Gulag” by Alexander Soljenitsyne was published in 1973 in Paris; it is a vast essay of literary investigation into concentration camps and testimonies of 227 detainees (zeks).  Soljenitsyne was expulsed from the Soviet Union and he wrote the next two volumes in the USA; he received the Nobel Prize of Literature in 1970 and then was received with full honor in Russia in 1994.  The manuscript was published in Russia in 1989.

During Nazi Germany occupation of France 714,000 books were burned in Paris.  The list of banned manuscripts started with 1060 and it kept climbing as Germany invaded Russia and then the US entered war.

Vladimir Nabokov published “Lolita” in 1955 in Paris for fear of being banned in the USA.  The manuscript had to wait until 1958 to be allowed to circulate in libraries. The story did not contain any pornographic descriptions and was recounted in Oxfordian exactitude about the love of a professor to his adoptive child after murdering her mother.

Before the latest wave of outcries for child molesting Tony Duvert published “Paysage de Fantaisie” in 1973 about his experience and inclinations for young boys and received the Medicis Prize for it.  Olivier Petre-Grenouilleau published “Traites Negrieres” where he claims that the Moslem’s Slave trades in Africa far outnumbered the European trade; he did the unpardonable commentary when he discriminated the suffering of the Jews during Nazi Germany and the suffering of the slaves.  In 2008, Sylvain Gouguenheim published “Aristote au mont Saint-Michel” where his researched led him to clarify that Aristotle’s philosophy was accepted in Europe as the Arab translated it; 56 philosophers and historians signed a petition proclaiming that the manuscript is not scientific.

Famous Manuscripts Banned by the Vatican: (Part 2, April 19, 2009)

Thousands of literary works were indexed by the Vatican from around 1200 to 1966.

Virtually no author was spared indexing. Pascal, Descartes, Locke, Spinoza, Rousseau, Kant, Diderot, Stendhal, Lamartine, Hugo, Flaubert, Balzac, Saint-Simon, Proudhon, Zola, Sartre, and even Gide were indexed for part of their work. 

Voltaire was the most indexed: each of his manuscripts was automatically indexed before reading it. Voltaire would occasionally sign Ecralinf meaning (Let us crush the despicable infamous Church of Rome)

Ironically, Darwin, Karl Marx, and Hitler were spared INDEXING.

The Defender of Peace” by Marsile of Padua (Rector of the University of Paris) is published in 1324 and banned by the Church. The manuscript said that the function of governance does not suit the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) because this urge for domination of the Church is the bane of all discords.  Communities should be governed by their own councils.

Baruch Spinoza published “Treaty on Theological-Politics” in 1670.  He is excommunicated (herem) by the Jewish Wise Men of the synagogue of Amsterdam and later indexed by the Vatican. Spinoza claimed that the Torah is false, that soul dies with the body, and that God exist only philosophically.  Religions instituted a God with 7 main characteristics so that their logical scaffold can hold: God should be One, Unique, Omnipresent, has absolute authority and rights over everything, that obeisance to God consist in justice and charity, that Heaven and Hell are the consequences of our behaviors, and finally that God is forgiving because everyone is a sinner. Faith does not dwell on whether God is fire, spirit, light, or thought.

Pierre-Augustin de Beaumarchais published “The Wedding of Figaro” in 1781. This manuscript said of the aristocrats “You were given the pain of being born, and nothing else”; and thus was blamed for disturbing the social construct.  Beaumarchais published also “The Barber of Seville”

“Praise of Folly” (L’Eloge de la Folie) by Erasmus of Rotterdam was indexed in 1511.  Under the mask of irony, Erasmus creates a Foul dominating the World and supported by ignorant idiots with humongous Ego; he attacks the theologians and scholastic specialties whom thrive in adding subtlety over subtlety in order to obscure any kind of comprehension.  In just the same century, the manuscript is re-edited 600 times.

“The Prince” of Nicolas Machiavelli is published in 1513 in Florence.  The book explains how a Prince should behave to acquire and then retain power and would be one of the founders of modern political thinking.

“The Third Book” of Francois Rabelais was published in 1532.  The previous publications “Pantagruel” and “Gargantua” were not spared indexing too.  The art of mockery far exceed that of Erasmus and his farces scorch all the princes.  Moliere would rely on Rabelais’ works for his comedies.

The Essays” of about 107 of essays by Michel Montaigne are published as of 1580 and was censured by the Church Inquisition.  The Church didn’t like the offhandedness of mixing sacred topics with profane subjects and the manuscript was judged morally too permissive.

“The new Stories” succeeds the famous fables of Jean de la Fontaine and are published as of 1674 and mocks the clerics and was indexed for “corrupting the moral and inspiring libertine behaviors”.  Before he dies, his confessor forced him to recant, and he did so that he may die in peace of that pest of cleric.

“The Spirit of Laws” by Charles-Louis of Montesquieu was published in Switzerland in 1748 to avoid censuring.  The author demanded that the three branches of executive, legislative, and justice enjoy independent powers for check and balance in governance.

“Therese the Philosopher” by Jean-Baptiste Boyer was published in 1748, in the same year that “Fanny Hill” of John Cleland was published.  This manuscript described in details the bacchant sacrilegious ceremonies that a Pope relished. The Marquis of Sade would imitate that genre of pornography.  It is rumored that these kinds of books influenced the French Revolution more than any other manuscripts.  The French National Library cataloged this book under “Hell” section.

“Emile” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau was published in 1762.  Rousseau offered a new educational system for kids so that the natural kindness of humankind is preserved; that kids enjoy their lives as kids and refrain from reading before the age of 12; that they wear loose garments to play leisurely.  The manuscript was indexed and publicly burned in Paris for inciting man to follow his instincts.  Rousseau will publish “The Social Contract” in 1766 and Geneva Council banished it.  In reaction, Rousseau abandoned his Switzerland nationality.

Accursed Indexing by the Vatican: Burned alive authors (Part 1, April 17, 2009)

 

Note: I intend to split this essay into two parts.  The first part describes the authors who were burned alive for their works.  The second part would tackle the famous works that were indexed by the Vatican till 1966 by Pope 6.  In 1962, cardinal Ciriaci complained that the editors were not paying the rights due to the Vatican by affixing “Banned by the Vatican” which generated excitement from readership. The indexed Faustina Kowalska in 1958 was canonized by Pope Jean-Paul 2 in 1988.

 

I read the French special series of the magazine “Le Point” on the accursed texts (Les Textes Maudits) that the Vatican had indexed and forbade diffusion and reading since the 12th century.  No sacerdotal caste in history enjoyed such power over the mind of its converts as the Christian Church of Rome. This power endured in what to become the most advanced societies since the 17th century and exercise the same influence even in so-called secular States.

The adventure started after the Crusade campaigns in the Levant had waned and lost its impetus for failing to capture Egypt, the shortest trade route for India and the Far East products of spices and perfume.  In 1184, a tribunal of inquisition headed by Bishops was created to fight the Gnostic “heretical” Cathare sect.  In 1231, the pontiff Gregory 9 entrust fighting heretical doctrines to the Dominican Order.  In 1542, the Church endeavored to fight the Reformist sects (Protestantism) by founding the “Supreme and Universal Congregation for Inquisition” and headed by cardinals.  In 1559, Pope 4 published the first Papal index that was instituted to confiscating the damned manuscripts and a congregation to that purpose was created in 1571. The Indexing of manuscripts was abolished in 1966.  Many famous works were indexed and banished from circulation but a few suffered terminal punishment and were burned alive.

 

The Cathare (Pure) sect in the 12th century was crushed, its converts massacred, and their Books burned.  This Christian Cathare sect was Gnostic and had a dualist conception of the Universe and man; the believers refused the Ancient Testament or (Jewish Bible) claiming that its God (Jehovah) is Satan; they refuted the incarnation of Christ and had confidence in the Church sacraments.  They had their Bishops and Books and lived in penitence, poverty, and chastity. The “Interrogatio Iohannis (John)” is one of their books that was spared destruction.

 

The Franciscan theologian Pierre de Jean Olivi (1248-98) had his “The Commentary of the Apocalypse” censured; his followers were persecuted in 1316 and hundred of clerics and civilians put to death by Pope John 22.  Olivi wrote that voluntary poverty and austerity of the Franciscans should not be restricted on lack of personal properties but must be verified by practice and on a daily basis; they should not be hording supplies in food.  Olivi decries the carnal and luxurious tendencies of the Church (the Anti-Christ period) and proclaimed that the third coming is close; he commented that the Church will soon go on a rampage of persecutions which will be the precursor for spiritual rejuvenation.

 

Marguerite Porete was burned live in 1310.  She wrote a mystic book “The Mirror of the simple souls” in a vernacular French language, and worst, did not follow the preferred Aristotelian logic. Marguerite claimed that when we conquer our wants and desires then the soul would be freed and yield to the total love of God and thus, the soul would not need any kind of faith to be saved.  The Church didn’t like her manuscript or Marguerite.

 

John Pic of Mirandola was poisoned in 1493 at the age of 31. He published “900 conclusions”; his manuscript “Of the Dignity of Man” was published after his death. The Comte John Pic refused all kinds of seclusions in schools of thought and tried to assemble the common denominators of all schools as valid for human intellectual traditions such as the philosophies of Aristotle, Plato, Gnostic doctrines, Jewish cabal, and natural magi.

 

In 1498, Fra Savonarola was burned live in Florence for demonic pride after undergoing the cruelest and harshest of tortures; he was burned at the same place where the manuscript of Dante “The Hell” was burned.  In 1494 the French troops of Charles 8 entered Florence and Savonarola reigned on that city as the sole power till 1498.  He instituted in Florence a yearly ceremony of erecting huge bonfires of 5 meters high labeled “Bonfire of vanities” where luxury items, paintings of nudes, furniture, luxury books, and anything pertaining to human vanity.  Savonarola was a tight, extremely reductive theologian and it happened that Alexander 6 Borgia was elected Pope. Alexander 6 was renowned to indulge in all kinds of carnal pleasures and had dozens of illegitimate offspring. Savonarola later inspired Martin Luther to revolt against the carnal conditions of the Church sacerdotal caste.

 

In 1600, Giordano Bruno alias “The Nolan” is burned alive because he denied Creation, the divinity of Christ, the virginity of Mary, and more importantly for professing that the Universe is infinite and that earth turns around the sun.  He sinned for liberating the human spirit and knowledge. Bruno wrote the comedy “Chandelier” and “The Supper of Ashes”; he claimed that an infinite God cannot create a closed universe without losing credibility; thus, he defined infinity to represent God.  The secret societies of the “Rose-Crucifix” adopted Bruno as its prime member.

 

 

Note 1:  No witch was ever burned live in Rome.  The preoccupation of the Inquisition was focused on those authors who challenged the power and authority of the Vatican, its dogma, politics, morals and values.

 

Note 2:  Pope Paul 4 initiated the indexing in 1544 by banning the entire work of any author who disturbed the authority of the Church; in total the index had 550 authors by 1564.  In that year, Pope Pie 4 orders that only the “incriminated” manuscripts should be indexed.  The problem with the Reformists was that their books were written in the German vernacular.  The Latin Church was not equipped for the challenge of reading in other languages and thus, any manuscript that showed up at Frankfort trade fairs.

 

Note 3:  La Place de Greve in Paris witnessed countless burning alive until the guillotine replaced this mania with a more efficient decapitation by mass series during the French Revolution.  Claude Le Petit was burned in 1662 during the beginning of the reign of King Louis 14 for writing “infamous poems”; one of the poems is on the theme of “fucking” everything and everyone. A year before, Chausson was burned for tentative rape of a boy.  Le Petit wrote a poem in honor of Chausson claiming that he uncovered his behind and bent it over to the masses of spectators.

Accursed Indexing by the Vatican: Burned alive authors (Part 1, April 17, 2009)

 

Note: I intend to split this essay into two parts.  The first part describes the authors who were burned alive for their works.  The second part would tackle the famous works that were indexed by the Vatican till 1966 by Pope 6.  In 1962, cardinal Ciriaci complained that the editors were not paying the rights due to the Vatican by affixing “Banned by the Vatican” which generated excitement from readership. The indexed Faustina Kowalska in 1958 was canonized by Pope Jean-Paul 2 in 1988.

 

I read the French special series of the magazine “Le Point” on the accursed texts (Les Textes Maudits) that the Vatican had indexed and forbade diffusion and reading since the 12th century.  No sacerdotal caste in history enjoyed such power over the mind of its converts as the Christian Church of Rome. This power endured in what to become the most advanced societies since the 17th century and exercise the same influence even in so-called secular States.

The adventure started after the Crusade campaigns in the Levant had waned and lost its impetus for failing to capture Egypt, the shortest trade route for India and the Far East products of spices and perfume.  In 1184, a tribunal of inquisition headed by Bishops was created to fight the Gnostic “heretical” Cathare sect.  In 1231, the pontiff Gregory 9 entrust fighting heretical doctrines to the Dominican Order.  In 1542, the Church endeavored to fight the Reformist sects (Protestantism) by founding the “Supreme and Universal Congregation for Inquisition” and headed by cardinals.  In 1559, Pope 4 published the first Papal index that was instituted to confiscating the damned manuscripts and a congregation to that purpose was created in 1571. The Indexing of manuscripts was abolished in 1966.  Many famous works were indexed and banished from circulation but a few suffered terminal punishment and were burned alive.

 

The Cathare (Pure) sect in the 12th century was crushed, its converts massacred, and their Books burned.  This Christian Cathare sect was Gnostic and had a dualist conception of the Universe and man; the believers refused the Ancient Testament or (Jewish Bible) claiming that its God (Jehovah) is Satan; they refuted the incarnation of Christ and had confidence in the Church sacraments.  They had their Bishops and Books and lived in penitence, poverty, and chastity. The “Interrogatio Iohannis (John)” is one of their books that was spared destruction.

 

The Franciscan theologian Pierre de Jean Olivi (1248-98) had his “The Commentary of the Apocalypse” censured; his followers were persecuted in 1316 and hundred of clerics and civilians put to death by Pope John 22.  Olivi wrote that voluntary poverty and austerity of the Franciscans should not be restricted on lack of personal properties but must be verified by practice and on a daily basis; they should not be hording supplies in food.  Olivi decries the carnal and luxurious tendencies of the Church (the Anti-Christ period) and proclaimed that the third coming is close; he commented that the Church will soon go on a rampage of persecutions which will be the precursor for spiritual rejuvenation.

 

Marguerite Porete was burned live in 1310.  She wrote a mystic book “The Mirror of the simple souls” in a vernacular French language, and worst, did not follow the preferred Aristotelian logic. Marguerite claimed that when we conquer our wants and desires then the soul would be freed and yield to the total love of God and thus, the soul would not need any kind of faith to be saved.  The Church didn’t like her manuscript or Marguerite.

 

John Pic of Mirandola was poisoned in 1493 at the age of 31. He published “900 conclusions”; his manuscript “Of the Dignity of Man” was published after his death. The Comte John Pic refused all kinds of seclusions in schools of thought and tried to assemble the common denominators of all schools as valid for human intellectual traditions such as the philosophies of Aristotle, Plato, Gnostic doctrines, Jewish cabal, and natural magi.

 

In 1498, Fra Savonarola was burned live in Florence for demonic pride after undergoing the cruelest and harshest of tortures; he was burned at the same place where the manuscript of Dante “The Hell” was burned.  In 1494 the French troops of Charles 8 entered Florence and Savonarola reigned on that city as the sole power till 1498.  He instituted in Florence a yearly ceremony of erecting huge bonfires of 5 meters high labeled “Bonfire of vanities” where luxury items, paintings of nudes, furniture, luxury books, and anything pertaining to human vanity.  Savonarola was a tight, extremely reductive theologian and it happened that Alexander 6 Borgia was elected Pope. Alexander 6 was renowned to indulge in all kinds of carnal pleasures and had dozens of illegitimate offspring. Savonarola later inspired Martin Luther to revolt against the carnal conditions of the Church sacerdotal caste.

 

In 1600, Giordano Bruno alias “The Nolan” is burned alive because he denied Creation, the divinity of Christ, the virginity of Mary, and more importantly for professing that the Universe is infinite and that earth turns around the sun.  He sinned for liberating the human spirit and knowledge. Bruno wrote the comedy “Chandelier” and “The Supper of Ashes”; he claimed that an infinite God cannot create a closed universe without losing credibility; thus, he defined infinity to represent God.  The secret societies of the “Rose-Crucifix” adopted Bruno as its prime member.

 

 

Note 1:  No witch was ever burned live in Rome.  The preoccupation of the Inquisition was focused on those authors who challenged the power and authority of the Vatican, its dogma, politics, morals and values.

 

Note 2:  Pope Paul 4 initiated the indexing in 1544 by banning the entire work of any author who disturbed the authority of the Church; in total the index had 550 authors by 1564.  In that year, Pope Pie 4 orders that only the “incriminated” manuscripts should be indexed.  The problem with the Reformists was that their books were written in the German vernacular.  The Latin Church was not equipped for the challenge of reading in other languages and thus, any manuscript that showed up at Frankfort trade fairs.

 

Note 3:  La Place de Greve in Paris witnessed countless burning alive until the guillotine replaced this mania with a more efficient decapitation by mass series during the French Revolution.  Claude Le Petit was burned in 1662 during the beginning of the reign of King Louis 14 for writing “infamous poems”; one of the poems is on the theme of “fucking” everything and everyone. A year before, Chausson was burned for tentative rape of a boy.  Le Petit wrote a poem in honor of Chausson claiming that he uncovered his behind and bent it over to the masses of spectators.


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