Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘World Health Organization

And how China reacted to the Coronavirus pandemics?

Note 1: I do agree with what this article explains about the efficiency of the Chinese system in containing this calamity. But I do have a few opinions after watching a recent in the field documentary of someone living in China.

China is barricading itself. Citizens are allowed once every 3 days for a stroll outside their confinement. Entrances and exits are tightly controlled and new types of restriction every week. Field hospitals dedicated to the virus have been erected.  China regime is testing and monitoring how long the Chinese are able to submit to all that restrictive crap.

Note 2: The cities in China are structured in compartments: Every 50,000 citizens are confined in huge 27 buildings around a main supermarket or center that can satisfy the daily life and demands.

Note 3: I suspect that if Coronavirus broke first in the USA, the number of victims would have been in the millions: China “educated” the World Health Organization and now the world is in a state of siege by a tiny virus.

#منقول

علم.إدارة الأزمات.

في الصين ظهر الوباء،كورونا، فقامت حكومة الصين بادهاش العالم مرة أخرى من خلال سلوكها وكيف تنجح الصين في ضبط سلوك مليار ونصف مليار مواطن بكل يسر من خلال الحكم الرشيد والإيمان بالعلم :

– الشعب الصيني شعب صامت وهادئ ويواجه المشاكل بالحلول والأبحاث العلمية وليس بالصراخ والمقالات والبرامج الفضائية التي تملأ الدنيا صخبا وجنونا دون فائدة* .

– تم حظر التجوال في العديد من المدن ( أقل هذه المدن عددا تصل نحو 12 مليون نسمة ) . وعلى الفور التزم الصينيون بالاوامر وأغلقت المطارات وتوقفت السيارات والتزم الصينيون في شققهم وبناياتهم واغلقوا النوافذ وقد أعدوا طعاما يكفي لاسبوعين* .

– *لم نسمع عن معارضة صينية تستغل الوباء وتخرج للصراخ والنعيق وتحرّض السكان على خرق حظر التجوال* .

– *في غضون أيام قلائل أقام الصينيون أكبر مستشفى على بعد 9 كم من أول تجمع سكني وتم تجهيز المشفى بالمعدات والمختبرات والأطباء وطواقم التمريض*

*وبدأ العلماء الصينيون فورا على ايجاد علاج ولم ينتظروا منظمة الصحة العالمية أن ترسل لهم العلاج* .

– *الحكومة الصينية كانت صادقة في كل كلمة ، ولم تتعامل مع الأمر على أنه سرا عسكريا ،

وبشهادة جميع المنظمات الدولية أن الصينيين شعب صادق ولا يخلط بين الكوارث والمواقف الإنسانية مثلما يفعل البيت الابيض* .

– *المدن والتجمعات السكانية تنقسم الى أحياء ، وكل حي من هذه الاحياء يتكون من عدة ملايين من السكان وله مسؤول مباشر*

*ويستطيع السكان الاتصال بمكتب الحي 24 ساعة في اليوم والحصول على أية خدمة يحتاجونها من دون واسطة ومن دون أن يضطر المواطن الصيني أن يقول أنا فلان أو قريب فلان أو أنه من هذا الحزب أو ذاك*

*وفي حال وجود أي تقصير يتم تقديم مسؤول الحي للمحاكمة وقد تصل العقوبة الى الاعدام* .

– *من لا يجد طعاما في منزله خلال حظر التجوال،يتصل بمكتب الحي فتقوم شركة التوصيل الحكومية بإرسال الطعام المناسب، للعائلة ما يكفي لمدة أسبوعين ويقوم عمال التوصيل بقرع الجرس وترك الطعام أمام الباب والمغادرة

،وتأخذ الاسرة طعامها مجانا دون أن تضطر للشرح او التفسير أو أن يقسم رب المنزل مئات الإيمان الغليظة أنه لا يملك الطعام* ..

*فالأساس هو السلوك الصادق ومن يثبت العبث والسلوك العشوائي في مثل هذه الحالات ينل عقابا لا يمكن أن يتخيله* .

– *أصحاب المركبات والمسافرين لا يحاولون إختراق حظر التجول والبحث عن طرق التفافية . ولا تجد في الشوارع غير المتطوّعين ” .

الذين تطوّعوا بأرواحهم لنجدة المجتمع ، أطباء تطوّعوا وممرضات وباحثين وباحثات يطلبون الإذن من لجنة الحي للخروج وإنقاذ وطنهم وشعبهم .

لا يوجد من يشكك بالرواية الرسمية في مثل هذه الحالات ، وينصت أهل الصين بكل ثقة للتوجيهات الطبية ، ولن تجد صيني يهرب الى قناة فضائية مجاورة ويسرد رواية مختلفة . بل عمل الاعلام الصيني كخلية نحل من أجل انقاذ الصين والبشرية من هذا الوباء* .

سلوك الصين كدولة وحكومة وشعب ولجنة حي ومواطن ينسجم مع غاية واحدة وراقية، وهي( وقف الوباء وإنقاذ الارواح* ) .

*وحين حاولت دول مغرورة تعتقد نفسها أفضل من الصين طلب إجلاء رعاياها فورا ومغادرة الصين . لم تنظر الصين في طلب هذه الدول على انه تشويه سمعة،او مضاعفة البلاء، بل استجابت فورا*،

– وبدلاً من أن تسارع امريكا لارسال علمائها الى الصين فورا ،فقد طلبت أمريكا إجلاء عشرات الدبلوماسيين الأمريكان من الصين ، وهي خطوة غبية قد تنقل الفيروس الى القارة الامريكية كلها .

– الصين خسرت مئات الأرواح ومئات مليارات الدولارات في هذه الكارثة ، ولم نسمع رئيس الصين أو المخابرات الصينية او الجيش والأمن يتحدثون عن مؤامرة أو عن تقارير سرية لإستهداف الصين، مع ان الاحتمال وارد . بل شاهدنا كيف بادر الصينيون الى البحث عن علاج . .

Note: Europe is becoming the hotbed of Corona pandemics and Trump has decided to declare state of emergency and deblocking $50 bn for health matters.

If billboards were that useful: Clean water dripping from them in Peru

Lima, capital of Peru, at the edge of the Atacama Desert, is one of the driest places on earth:  It receives almost no rainfall.
About 700,000 people have no access to clean water for drinking or bathing.
Another 600,000 of the city’s 7.5 million residents rely on cisterns for their water, which must be filled by pumps or by hand and cleaned regularly.
April 25, 2013

Lima’s Pacific Coast location experiences humidity of more than 90% on summer days, from December to February.

So engineers from Peru’s University of Engineering and Technology (UTEC) have devised a way to turn that humid air into usable water.

Last December, they erected a billboard in the Bujama District of Lima that by early March had produced 9450 liters (about 2500 gallons) of water.

The idea came about because UTEC was facing a slump in enrollment as the new semester approached; the engineering department wanted a way to attract more engineering students to the university. They went to Peruvian ad agency Mayo Publicidad, and the partnership of engineers and marketers crafted an advertisement that would provide a very visible demonstration of the university’s engineering projects.

And the water-collecting billboard was born.

Electricity from the city’s power lines runs the 5 condensers inside the billboard. Like the condenser in your home air conditioner, the ones in the UTEC billboard are cooler than the air outside.

When air contacts the cooled surfaces of the condensers, the air also cools, and the water vapor in the air condenses into liquid water.

After reverse-osmosis purification, the water flows down into a 20-liter storage tank at the base of the billboard. The billboard generates about 96 liters of water each day, and a simple faucet gives local residents access to the water. UTEC has not yet announced whether the water will be available for free, but the billboard reportedly cost only about $1200 to install.

This is not the first attempt to pull clean water out of thin air.

In 2011, French company Eole installed a wind turbine in Abu Dhabi, which the company claims generates more than 1400 liters of water each day.

The WMS1000 is 24 meters (about 78 feet) tall, and its 13-meter rotor turns at up to 100 rpm to run a 30-kilowatt generator. This in turn powers a cooling compressor inside the turbine. An intake pulls air into the compressor, and moisture condenses out as the air cools. The water runs down into a purification and storage tank at the base of the turbine.

The turbine needs winds of at least 15 mph to generate enough power for the compressor.

In a desert climate with an average temperate of 95 degrees Fahrenheit and average relative humidity of about 30 percent, the WMS1000 generates about 350 liters of water a day. In humid coastal climates, production increases to about 1200 liters a day. Adding a solar power unit to the turbine could increase output by a few hundred liters more.

Eole designed the turbine for remote communities of fewer than 5000 people, but when it launched the WMS1000 commercially, in 2012, the price tag for a single turbine was about $660,000, well beyond the budget of most small communities in developing countries. (which defeat the purpose?)

Back in Lima, the UTEC engineering department and Mayo Publicidad may have found a way to offset the cost barrier: advertising.

Since the billboard’s installation, UTEC reports a 28% increase in enrollment.

Results like that may attract the attention of private companies looking for new ways to advertise. The city of Lima and other urban areas, such as Cairo, Egypt, suffer the same lack of potable water as remote villages, and an advertising-funded solution that taps into an existing electrical infrastructure may work well there.

UTEC has not yet announced plans to install more billboards in Lima or to make the technology commercially available elsewhere, but the project has started new discussions about how to provide access to clean water.

Worldwide, the World Health Organization estimates, about a billion people lack access to safe drinking water.

Lack of clean water is a leading cause of cholera and other diseases that cause diarrhea.

Perhaps UTEC’s idea can make the situation a little better, one sign at a time.

WOMEN IN ISLAM: Polygamy (Part 4, April 20, 2009)

Polygamy in Islam is restricted and may be practiced theoretically only when certain strict conditions are met.

It is also the exception rather than the norm in Muslim societies throughout the World.

A World Health Organisation census has shown that less than 5% of Muslim men practice polygyny. This is in contrast to other groups in countries such as India, where 15.25% of men from tribal religious groups practice polygyny; 8% of Buddhists, 6.77% of Jains and 6% of Hindus have plural marriages.

The percentage of polygynous marriages in India is lowest among Muslims, at 5.7%. The fact that Islam permits a man to have more than one wife has been the cause of much ridicule and misinformation.

The fact is that the Mormons, “the pseudo Christian sect in Utah, USA) are still practicing polygamy and the blind eye of the State of Utah is functioning though a recent Federal Law has prohibited this practice.

Prior to the advent of Islam, women were treated as chattels and objects for the gratification of men; it was the same prejudice of the Jews in Judea and in poor agricultural lands. In the modern world, this practice continues under the guise of frequent divorces, affairs, mistresses and prostitution.

Women are left alone to fend for themselves and their children, whilst divorce is so common that there exist groups such as “Single Again“, which cater for people who have been divorced for the second (or subsequent) times.

Islam did not abolish polygyny, as it recognised that in some cases, polygyny would be necessary and even preferable to the alternatives of leaving unmarried widows. However, it strictly limited it, to a maximum of 4 wives at any one time; there are also stringent conditions to be met by a man who wishes to take a second wife.

The initial intention of this law was to bring some order to the people of Arabia and neighboring societies, who had been accustomed to unlimited numbers of wives, and to inaugurate a civil system that would take care of the needs of women. It sought to solve the problem of the existence of large numbers of widows and orphans who were left to fend for themselves after the many raids and warfare among the tribes.

In the sourat Al Nissa it is said: “If you fear that you will not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four; but if you fear that you will not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess. That will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.”

Thus, any man who wishes to take a second wife has to meet the important condition of fair treatment of all his wives; he is commanded to treat wives equally, and anyone who is unable to do so should marry only one wife. Equal treatment includes all social, economical and physical needs.

It is very difficult for human beings to be completely fair, a fact which is recognized by the Koran In Al Nissa you read: “You are never able to be fair and just with even two women, even if it is your ardent desire: but turn not away (from a woman) altogether, so as to leave her (as it were) hanging (in the air)” and “A man who marries more than one woman and then does not deal justly with them will be resurrected with half his faculties paralysed”.’

In the case of men who had more than four wives when they embraced Islam, such as Ghaylan ibn Umayyah al-Thaqafi, the Prophet asked them to keep four wives and to release the others. The topic of polygyny cannot be considered complete without some discussion on the Prophet’s Id practice and the historical context in which he and his wives lived.

This is a topic which has received much attention from the West, and about which many Muslims are confused. It should be noted that in seventh-century Arabia, adultery, rape and fornication were the norm. The Prophet remained chaste from the age of 25 when he married Khadijah , who was twice a widower and 40 years of age. Their marriage remained harmonious until Khadijah passed away some 25 years later.

The Prophet was 50 years of age and started his exile to yathreb (Medina) in 633. The Prophet’s second wife was Sawdah. She and her husband had been among the earliest converts to Islam. They suffered great hardship at the hands of Quraysh(inhabitants of Mecca), so the Prophet had instructed them to migrate to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). There, her husband passed away, and Sawdah suffered much hardship as a widow in a foreign land. The Prophet knew that he was responsible for the welfare of his followers, so he proposed marriage to Sawdah. This marriage brought relief, respect and status to her, and provided the Prophet with companionship and assistance in raising his children from his marriage to Khadijah.

At the time of her marriage to the Pronhet, Sawdah was around 55 vears old. In order to create blood ties and to show his love and respect to his closest Companions who had given up this world for the sake of Islam, the Prophet gave two of his daughters in marriage to Ali and ‘Uthman’; he also accepted in marriage Aishah,daughters of Abu Bakr  and Hafsah the daughters of  Umar.

His marriage to these two noble women not only enhanced his close ties with his Companions, but these women were later to offer deep insight into the Prophet’s life. They were responsible for narrating over half of the ahadith which now form the basis of the Islamic code of conduct. ‘A’ishah alone is known to have narrated over two thousand hadith.

Zaynab was a cousin of the Prophet. She had previously been married to Zayd , the freed slave and adopted son of the Prophet Hi. This marriage had been arranged by the Prophet , but the couple were never happy in their marriage and it became apparent that they were not compatible. At the Prophet’s insistence, they had stayed together for several years, but in the end Zayd could not tolerate it any longer, and decided to set Zaynab free from the marriage contract.

The fact that a former slave had divorced a woman of the noble Quraysh tribe became the subject of much gossip among the pagans and the weaker members of the Muslim community. Not surprisingly, Zaynab confined herself to her quarters and it fell to the Prophet to relieve her of her misery. He married her, and she was around 38 years of age at the time. This action achieved two ends.

One was to demonstrate that Islam makes no distinction between class, race or status, as the Qur’an teaches that the noblest person in the sight of Allah is the one who is most pious. The second was to indicate that adopted sons were not to be counted as blood relatives, as had previously been the custom in Arabia. It was the custom to have blood ties with the various large tribes for unification purposes. Hence some of the Prophet’s marriages were arranged to establish inter-tribal ties and to further the cause of unity.

The Prophet’s marriage to Juwayriyah led her tribe of Banu Mustaliq, who had been among the fiercest enemies of Islam, freeing all their Muslim prisoners. The whole tribe later entered into Islam. Maymunah came from the tribe of Najd, who had murdered the emissaries sent to them by the Prophet.

After his marriage to Maymunah, however, their attitude changed and Najd became favorable towards Islam. In all, the Prophet had eleven wives, of whom two – Khadijah and Zaynab – passed away in his own lifetime. After the ayah restricting the number of wives to four was revealed, he contracted no further marriages, but his nine remaining wives were regarded as “mothers of the faithful” and as no other man would be permitted to marry them if he divorced them he kept all his wives on the grounds of compassion. With the exception of ‘A’ishah, all of his wives were widows or divorcees.

His marriages were all for political reasons or were contracted in order to set an example of compassion, as in the cases of Zaynab and Sawdah.

His polygynous marriage all took place rather late in his life, from the age of 55. The prophet Muhammad was in a position of great political power to be choosy but he marry widowers and older women – a sure indication of his upright moral character and desire to set the highest example to his followers.


adonis49

adonis49

adonis49

October 2020
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