Adonis Diaries

Posts Tagged ‘Youth movement in Lebanon

What is “Badna nghayer wa nsaleh nizam”?

It means the youth in Lebanon want to change and reform the sectarian political structure in Lebanon.

It means that the youth have got enough of 18 officially recognized religious sects behaving independently from central government rules and regulations.

Each sect has its own courts for dealing with individual status from birth, to marriage, to divorce, and to death.

You are defined Not as a citizen of Lebanon, but a member of a religious sect recognized by the State.

Each sect has its own “private” educational sectarian system and even sectarian universities.

After over 70 years of “independence” from colonial France, Lebanon was unable to enact civil marriage laws, even of the optional kind!

A few sects permit members of its congregation to get civil marriage in Cyprus and recognized as married when registered in Lebanon.

It means that youth cannot apply for a public job unless he/she bring in the individual status document mentioning religious affiliation:  All public positions are distributed in quota basis. 

You have got no chance, regardless of your qualifications, to be accepted in a position unless the quota is available and the slot freed to your religious affiliation.

The youth movement has to be patient:  The old guards are regurgitating the same melody and stanza on the impossibility of any drastic changes in this social system, where the central government is fundamentally structured to be very weak and impotent to reforming anything of value.

The youth movement is to be steadfast:  The old guards will keep hammering on the same broken records that the Lebanese have to “change sectarianism from their mind” before changing official documents of any mention of religious affiliations.

I feel limited in finding a resolution where check and balance can be erected to coping with the all permeating power of the sacerdotal castes in every States around the world.

Constitutional laws are meant to restrict the implicit power of the thousand tentacles that religions have instituted to infuse their ideologies.

Discussions for recognizing the power of the clergy in our nurturing educational system is an inevitable social educational process.

This is not the time to going on tangents and clash with religious powers.  We want first to delete all records of our religious affiliation from official document and instituting civil laws to all citizens. 

One of the best and most efficient methods is to encourage the establishment of opportunities to exercising choices in every aspect in our lives.

We demand civil laws that regulate our citizenship from birth, marriage, divorce, death, decentralized schooling systems at each of the legislative, legal, and executive branches.

Only available opportunities for choices, backed by political determination to honor those choices in the workforce, in the daily living, and in society structure, can permit a fighting chance for all those free minded, reflective citizens, and families who respect their potential power for deciding what is best for their spiritual development.

You may read my post:

The youth of Lebanon are shouldering the difficult and protracted long-term changes needed in developing countries; mainly, tribal, clanish, feudal, and religious sectarian affiliations that are plaguing any political structure for establishing sustained security, stability, and development…

The youth of Lebanon are going to maintain and sustain the mass upheavals in the Arab World because their programs for reform and change are linked and rooted to all the in-depth reforms aspired by youths in the other Arab States.

The youth in Lebanon are entangled in a hellish cycle of religious interests, restricted in sectarian enclaves:  Each sect has established its own private schooling system, health and social security facilities; facilities that should be controlled and evaluated by civic government and institutions…

The youth in Lebanon are fed up of this de-facto multi-theocratic system (Maronite, Shia, Sunni, Christian Orthodox…) that has driven us to our knees and abject obscurantism.  For example

Over two months ago, the clerics of the Sunni Moslem sect in Lebanon gathered in a general session to admonish the newly appointed Prime Minister Mikati to abiding by the revised political guidelines as the Sunni clerics understand its interests.  Is that a form of democracy?  The clerics of this sect were convened by Saad Hariri PM who was fired by 11 ministers from his post.  It appeared to Hariri that being fired was an incomprehensible practice:  He believed that since he is a Saudi citizen then he should be viewed as a monarch Prince or something… Mikati has yet to form a government!

The clerics and bishops of the Maronite Christian sect meet regularly to remind the President of the Republic and the Maronite deputies in the Parliament of their Church political orientation.  Is that a kind of Republic system? The clerics alienated more than half the Maronites by siding with particular sectarian political parties and getting deeply involved in State politics. 

Recently, the old Patriarch was fired because, while on “official” visit to the USA,  he encouraged the US to launch a war against Hezbollah in 2006.  Actually, this Patrirch was still in the US as the war was going on in Lebanon. A new Patrirch was elected last month; would he learn anything of what the youth in Lebanon are demanding?

The clerics of the Shia Moslem sect meets regularly to regurgitate the position of Hezbollah political stands.  Actually, it is the Secretary General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasr Allah (who combines the spiritual and temporal powers under the Iranian concept of “Wilayat Faqih”), who draws the strategic and tactical moves for the Shias in Lebanon.  Is that a new concept of Parliamentary system?

There are essential causes why Hezbollah represented and still represent the dignity and security for the State of Lebanon. In the 1980′s, the Lebanese were on their knees: Israel occupied most of the south region and Syria the remaining parts.  Lebanon was divided into self-autonomous sectarian cantons due to the consequences of the protracted civil war that started in 1975 and the massive transfer of citizens.  

The new Islamic regime in Iran that displaced the Shah extended a fresh Shia religious fervor to the Shias in Lebanon, along with training, organization, and arms to resisting Israeli occupiers.

Israel was forced to withdraw from Lebanon in 2000, unilaterally and without any negotiation, after suffering heavy and sustained casualties from the determined resistance of Hezbollah.  

Hezbollah resistance in 2006 to another Israeli preemptive incursion.  Hezbollah can brag to having won: Israel failed in achieving any strategic or tactical objectives after 33 days of war.  Hezbollah offered Lebanon a deterrence leverage that was lacking for decades.  

Should Hezbollah continue adopting religion as the main ideological force to resisting the enemy Israel?  And for how long?  Should Nasr Allah keep his position for life as a religious leader too?  Should Lebanon remains a sectarian State for another century?

There are plenty of disinformation related to Lebanon’s social and political structure.  There is a vast chasm between what is written in the “Constitution” and what is and has been practiced for over 70 years, since the independence of Lebanon in 1943.

Lebanon is a feudal, sectarian, and tribal society governed by feudal, sectarian representatives of warlords, wealthy families and old money class. The feudal class inherited their titles of Emir, Pasha, Bey, Sheihk…from the Ottoman Empire as heads of tribes sided with the Ottoman invaders and presented another form of “loyalty” to obscurantist caliphates.

France confirmed the rooted sectarian division during its mandated power from 1919 to 1943, and much longer after the independence of Lebanon, by instituting the Christians as the ruling class and enjoying privileges in power and in trade.

Should the Lebanese wait three months every time a new Sunni Prime Minister has to form a government in order to satisfy 18 recognized sects, six regional powers, and five superpowers?

This month, the youth in Lebanon started mass demonstrations, regularly, every week, demanding that religious affiliation be cancelled from all official documents.  The youth are engaged in sit-ins in many cities demanding civil marriage and reforming genders discriminating laws.  The youth have been chanting: “We want to change the regime”

The youth want to get rid of a century of indignity and chattel mentality.  They want a political system that transform all the private sectarian facilities to the control and evaluation of a civic State, and the dissemination of a civic orientation and education.

First thing first: Delete religious affiliation from all official documents. Isn’t that demand reasonable , simple, and clear?




February 2023

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