Adonis Diaries

Archive for the ‘social articles’ Category

Daydream project? Restructuring medical profession and health care providers

Daydream project: Restructuring medical  profession and health care providers systems

My daydreaming started by recollecting that nurses are the ones who took care of me, smiled to me, and had compassion to my predicament after each surgery: Surgeons spent less than a minute after their job was done, if they ever found it necessary or had time to visit their patients.

The entire health care system is fundamentally run by nurses, carried on the shoulders of nurses…

For example, Philippinas  (from the Philippine) in the US constitute the vast majority of nurses (at least a decade ago).

Eduardo Galeano wrote this story:

“It is 1984, in the prison of Lurigancho at Lima (Chili).  Luis Nino is inspecting the prison for the count of a human rights organization.  Luis is crossing sick prisoners, vomiting blood, agonizing, open wounds, with fever…

Luis meets the chief medical staff and ask why the physicians are not making any routine health rounds…The physician replies: “We, physicians, intervene at the calls of nurses…”

And where are the nurses? The chief retorts: “The budget for the prison didn’t allocate funds for nurses…”

I got into thinking:

“If I ever come into big money, or get in a position of power, I will take care of the nurses, improve their standard of living,  extend material values and dignity to their hard work, get engaged with Occupy Health Care protests

I will rent buildings close to hospitals and rent affordable rooms to nurses, and let the nurses run the building…

And install a modern facility in the building for continuing education and provide vans and affordable transport system for the nurses who can barely make ends meet…”

My daydreaming ideas went wild and I got into thinking:

“The entire medical system and health care providers need restructuring in order for nurses to receive their fair share in the gratitude of patients and return on the huge profit and…”

I saved the post as a draft, with the intention to publish it as my daydreaming project is complete, and then I said: “This project is hardly ever going to be complete. Publish whatever you have and let readers be inspired and finish it for you…”

The project is not meant to abolish current health institutions, medical schools and health services, but to establish an alternative system, funded by States until the new alternative institutions start generating followers and fund-raisers and…

The idea is that students in all medical fields (nurse, dietetics, massage provider, biologist, veterinarian, dentist, Red Cross volunteer, hospital administration, hospital manager, pharmacist, psychologist, psychiatrist, medical students, Ergonomics designers, medical equipment designers and operators…) share nursing practices in the first couple of years, get paid from year one, and are of practical service to the communities, particularly in rural areas, poorer districts, and in time of catastrophic events.

The University program and curriculum are reviewed so that practical initiations with patients and health institutions are offered in tandem with theoretical and general knowledge are focused on.

All students enrolled in one of the medical fields mentioned above have to learn and work as nurses for the first two years, and earn their living.

Year One:

Medical students, in all fields mentioned above, work in hospital and learn to deliver first aides services (like Red Cross volunteer courses), how to communicate with patients, get initiated with hospital administration and procedures…

Practical initiation: trauma cases, drug cases, vaccination procedures, types of contagious diseases, curable diseases

Formal courses: Physiology, musculoskeletal disorders, introduction to Human Factors issues, health and safety in hospital and workplaces, experimental design, statistical analysis…

Year Two:

Medical students learn to be exposed to surgery room practices and procedures, anesthesiology room, pharmacy section, and hospital administration…

Practical initiation: blood testing procedures, urine testing procedures, tropical diseases diagnostics, injection, administering medication,

Formal courses in Anatomy, designing surveys and collecting data, analysing and interpreting peer-reviewed scientific research and sorting out valid experiments, introduction to pharmacology,…

Year Three:

Students targeting fields in (medical equipment design and operation, hospital management and administration, dietetics, massage provider, biologist, and psychology) part from the other students into specialized universities and sections.

The remaining students get skills in small skin surgery, dialysis procedures, intensive care units, hard to cure diseases…

Formal course in neurology, in-depth reading of peer-review scientific research articles, designing and performing controlled experiments,…

Year Four:

The students in the medical fields part ways.

Except for the general physician practitioners, dentists, pharmacists, psychoanalysts, the other students should be ready to graduate in their preferred subject of interest.

At worse, a couple of courses might be needed to achieve their requirements.

Rationales for this alternative system:

1. The “psychological” divide between physicians and nurses is “physically and mentally” reduced

2. Physicians will be readier to empathize with patients

3. Physicians will be initiated with the “physical understanding” of the job of nurses, and will feel readier to support nurses demands and syndicates for continuing education and resume the study to becoming full-fledged physicians…

4. Communities will enjoy a much larger pool of health providers in the events of catastrophes, war, economic downturn…

5. Earning a living from year one and feeling confident as a valued citizen

6. Efficient interactions and interrelations among health institutions

7. Nurses playing vaster roles as communicators and transmitters links among patients and specialized physicians, particularly for remote patients, neglected patients in residences, uncovered patients with any health insurance…

8.  How about you forward me with all your rationales, suggestions, and developed comments?

Note: It is becoming evident that modern schooling system is principally a big detention center for the youth in order to keep them “away from the streets”.

Kids do Not need 13 years of formal schooling before going to universities or learning practical skills and talents to earn a living by the age of 15. It is not knowledge that they are learning, but regurgitation of consensus information.

Reflective learning and self-learning are not appreciated on the ground that kids are not “ready to discuss, ponder and ask the right questions…”

Kids have to earn a living from skilled maintenance professions before considering higher education in fields of their interests…

In general, in almost every society, you have about 15% of the population deemed unnecessary for producing and contributing to the development of the” system”: They are confined in ghetto quarters to fend for their survival and are basically the ones incarcerated in order to show “statistically” that the police force is doing its job…

How many neighbors do you have?

My Neighbors (1999)

1. I believe there are other human intelligences, thousands of them,

Millions of light years away.

I believe there are other forms of intelligence;

Very close, when I hear my heart beat at night.


In the clear wide sky,

I can see their bright stars.

In the quietude of the night,

I can feel them fly.

In the early dawn,

I can hear them chirp, bark or cry.

2. There are near human intelligence.

They have Not two eyes, blue, black, nor brown.

They have Not two ears, nor feet, nor hands.

Some of them seem to be a million light years far.

3. We search.  We still cannot see those varieties.

We need high tech search machines.

We keep searching, waiting for them to make us see.


Very few are searching, now and then searching.

They are telling me they have found some intelligence,

And they might have compassion.


Today, I discovered

My next door neighbors.

Can we define most Lebanese as chatel “pseudo-citizens”?

Note: Re-edit of “A shitty people. Un peuple de mer(de)?June 28, 2017

Finally, an ired Lebanese woman blowing her top and describing our status “Nous sommes un peuple de mer(de)”

Mind you that what this article was written 3 years ago, before Corona pandemics and before our pseudo-State declared total bankruptcy at all levels: government, Central Bank and private banks...


Un peuple minable. Un peuple composé de criminels, de voyous, de lâches, d’inconscients, des anarchistes, de fourbes.

Un peuple qui ne mérite pas son appartenance Libanaise (ou aucune autre appurtenance?).

Nous sommes un peuple indigne (de quoi? d’être citoyen?). Un peuple honteux.

Que nous sommes honteux. Nous, les complices de la République.

Complices de l’immense crime écologique qui a détruit à jamais nos côtes et notre mer.

Complices des crimes commis dans la rue par des ordures aux veines shootées, au cerveau atrophié, appuyés par des hommes véreux.

Nous sommes complices des bûcherons-bouchers qui abattent les arbres de nos forêts pour en faire des carrières.

Complices des hommes qui bafouent inlassablement les droits des femmes. Complices de tous ceux qui augmentent leurs prix allègrement C’est-à-dire tout le monde.

Complices des politiciens qui nous volent. Des députés qui s’auto prorogent un nouveau mandat. (Our parliament actually extended its tenure for another mandate on false excuses of security reasons)

Complices de ces meurtres insensés de notre pays, que nous commettons jour après jour.

Nous sommes nuls et abjects.

3 200 tonnes de déchets se déversent chaque jour dans la mer à Bourj Hammoud, Jdeidé et Dbayé, à la demande de notre ministre de l’Environnement.

Chaque p*** de jour. « Ah bon ? Yay quelle horreur, c’est inadmissible. Il faut faire quelque chose… Mais dis-moi, tu vas à Anfeh demain ? Il paraît que c’est propre là-bas. »

L’aveuglement à son paroxysme.

Nouvelle loi électorale, prorogation d’une année, cartes magnétiques à 35 millions de dollars. « Ma32oul ! Ce n’est pas permis. On n’a pas besoin de ces cartes, ce sont les mêmes qui vont revenir. Ils ne savent plus quoi faire pour continuer à piller le pays… Dakhlak, tu vas voter pour qui ? » La connerie à l’état pur.

Augmentation des prix.

Des prix hallucinants pour tout. Les restaurants, la bouffe, les bars, les plages, les fringues, les cafés, les billets d’avion, internet, les forfaits de mobile. « Tu te rends compte que ma journée à la plage en Grèce – aller-retour en bateau, location des transats, espressos, cafés frappés, petites bouteilles d’eau, Caïpirinha sous le parasol, déjeuner – m’a coûté le prix de l’entrée de n’importe quelle plage au Liban. Si ce n’est moins… L’été prochain, je vais deux mois à Mykonos, Skiathos, Sifnos, Poros… » Bref, partout où ça finit en os.

Le mépris dans toute sa splendeur. (Someone told me that renting a condo in Tyr cost $250 per day, just to enjoy the beach)

L’électricité sera enfin donnée 24h/24 et les prix vont probablement augmenter. « Yi, c’est génial. » C’est vrai que c’est extraordinaire que l’un des services fondamentaux auxquels un citoyen (qui paye ses impôts, aussi minimes soient-ils) puisse accéder soit enfin disponible 24 heures sur 24.

C’est donc normal que ça soit plus cher. La bêtise comme on n’en fait plus. Roy Hamouche meurt assassiné, d’une balle dans la tête, logée par un monstre, après une altercation routière.

Le parquet requiert des poursuites contre les meurtriers présumés, et le crime ne restera pas impuni. « Walla, c’est bien. » Bien ? Bien de condamner un meurtrier ? C’est normal, bordel, de condamner un meurtrier. D’ailleurs, a-t-on appris quelque chose de nouveau sur l’affaire depuis le 15 juin ? La naïveté à son summum.

Un mec nous insulte alors qu’il est en sens interdit, on klaxonne, rouspète et on cède le chemin. On ne sait jamais, peut-être qu’il a une arme.

On paye 300 dollars une salade, une viande et un verre de vin. Légitime, c’est un Black Angus Premium élevé dans les pâturages d’Aberdeen, croisé avec un Wagyu de Fujiyoshi et ramené à Beyrouth par DHL… « Je te jure, c’est le meilleur resto du Liban. »

Mais bien sûr. À New York, c’est combien ? Et à Tokyo ? Tokyo, où si l’on y passe ses vacances, coûterait moins cher qu’un week-end dans le Chouf.

Et la plage à 125$ la journée, pour nager dans une piscine chaude (la mer étant impraticable, à moins qu’on ait des pulsions suicidaires), s’éclater les tympans sur de la très mauvaise musique, manger une glace fondue et re-glacée, coincé sur un bed (à 50$) entre deux mecs bedonnants à cigare… C’est normal ?

Normal qu’on soit le pays le plus cher de la région ?

Celui qui a le taux de cancer le plus élevé de la MENA ? Normal que l’on croule sous une dette indécente au profit de quelques hommes et de leurs pay-rollers ?

Normal qu’on fonce droit dans le mur et qu’on le fasse le sourire aux lèvres en clamant à n’importe quel sourd qui voudrait l’entendre : « Mais noooon, la qualité de vie est top au Liban. Et la nightlife aussi. Et les services (pas ceux avec la plaque rouge évidemment). »

Et c’est normal que nous ne fassions rien ?
Effectivement, c’est tout à fait normal.

Parce que, même si nous applaudissons quelques (très) belles initiatives par-ci, par-là, ce que nous savons faire de mieux tient en un mot : rien.

Note 1: I demand that we get daily boats to take us to Cyprus. Why this is Not feasible in Lebanon? Why Lebanon is prohibited to have maritime transport?

Note 2: I posted a harsh article on the entrepreneur mentality of Lebanese in general.

They think they had it: Exclusive Rights

A common behavior for President and CEO

Exclusive Rights (Written in 1998)

1.   I’m mad.

The President made my hand

Touch his crotch.

I just discovered that

He did it with many other women.

Many less beautiful than me.

Many downright ugly.

2.   I’m mad.

The President grabbed my breasts.

They were young, round, and stone hard.

I’m finding out that

He did it with so many others.

Many were flat chested.

Many right down sagging.

3.   I’m mad,

Very mad now.

I didn’t mind then what He did.

I may have been flattered, I think.

I was honored, definitely.

He is more than My President:

He is the First Stud.

4.   I’m mad.

Studs have no rights over non studs.

They may be spared a slap.

A swift, ringing slap.

I have the right to be mad.

I have the right to claim

Exclusive rights too.

Consequences of Forensic investigations of Lebanon Central Bank and ministry of finance

Financial Forensic investigation of the Central Bank deliver all the private banks shakky dealing

Financial Forensic investigation of the ministry of Finance exhibit all the rotten ministries and ministers

لو عرف السبب لبطل العجب .

Image may contain: text

A movie? She Says, He Says?

She Says, He Says (1998)

1.   All right, communication research

Has gone a long way to resolving

A most frustrating, untenable balance

Between the sexes.


He says, she says can be explained

By the connection/status bipolar between genders:

She is seeking connection and support in conversation.


She knits webs of small networks

Of friends; small but very close.


He is jockeying for status:  Who’s one up

And who’s one down in the hierarchy.

He likes to speak to captive audiences.

2.   She likes to convey images of dependence,

Of understanding, of relating to others.


He likes to provide information and solutions.

He likes to project images if independence

And freedom of choices.

He is most able in telling stories.


They say the difference in perspectives is acquired learning.

It seems true.

Let me dare advance that this acquired learning

Is premeditated to compensate for the genetic superiority of women?

3.   Men have always known,

From the beginning of time,

Who is the master and the rock.


How women manage to do it

Was the mystery.

Men knew it

But refused to acknowledge it.


The more men were sure of that knowledge

The angrier they were,

The more restricting the rules,

The stiffer the punishments.

4.   Why women are superior to men

Is a taboo subject.


I am telling you:

Women think long-term and act short.

She sets her goal and works steadfastly

Laying one brick at a time,

Building the most intricate plan.

5.   Skip the research and save your hard earned money.

Tell me:

Why men feel awkward, dazed and puzzled

When their peers heap on them glories

Of dreams come true?


False assumptions,

False glories.

Dreams are too long-term to be true to men.


Man has been saying over and over again that

Behind a great man is a woman.

Planning for him, for her goal.

6.   All right, we have been studying the mechanisms

Of conversation between women, men

And mixed men and women groups.


The connection/status dimension

Explains beautifully most of the misinterpretations

In communication between the sexes.


Sure, no one is going to change

His communication behavior because he does Not know how it works.

Sure, no one is going to change

His planning behavior

Simply because he still does Not know the basics.

One thing I learned is a daughter speaks the language of her mother.

The boy is brought up ignorant of any language worth communicating with.

7.   Say “I love you” more than once.

Say “I like you” more often.

True or false, just say it.


Who cares for more grieves,

When an extra moment of happiness is handy?

It is but one life that we live.


Yes, we are all seeking interdependence

In different shades and flavors.

Note: Gender difference emerges at around age 2 or 3, at which point societal expectations can override innate interests. Toys, color s and role models segregation has long-term effects on gender gaps in academics, spatial skills and social skills.

Again, what this militia/mafia clan want from Lebanon?

-What did they do with our saving? (the militia/mafia leaders, the Central Bank, the private banks, the religious sects clergies…)
– They spent it in the name of preserving the civil peace and fighting corruption.

– And now?
– Erasing its traces in silence, while we are watching their shows on TV, tweeting and posting on FB and WhatsApp.
$115 billions of total deposits in banks…

– That are worth no more than 30% of their value in real dollars, about $34 billions…
– And the plans, the IMF…

No need. They were only used to divert the attention. The only real plan was the ongoing erosion of deposits that have been trapped in the banking system. And it is pretty successful…
– What next?

– Moving to the next phase: expropriating and sharing the resources of a rogue state among bands of thugs…

– What is depressing is the return to normality for the victims of such a scam…It’s a weird feeling by an entire people of having been raped…
– And to remain obedient to its serial rapists for the rest of its life, the feeling is that bad…

– What to do?
– Exactly the opposite of what you are doing (or not doing) now…

Note 1: Greek former finance minister Yanis Varoufakis said:  Lebanese must have the courage to nationalize the banks and restructure the Central Bank, issue a new currency and desist from seeking IMF money…”

Note 2: Finance Minister, Ghazi Wazni, the stooge to Nabih Berry (Head of Parliament in the last 25 years) opposed the Kroll Forensic financial company to do its job. The militia/mafia leaders, headed by Berry want just accounting firms so that no names are brought to justice.

Actually, the only people brought to justice are low level criminals at the sold of the militia leaders. These “criminals” are interrogated and released.

Re-inventing Public Health: Covid-19 inequity

COVID-19 and inequity — public health needs a third revolution

For many Americans, George Floyd’s murder ignited a new level of momentum to confront police violence against people of color.

The COVID-19 pandemic — which is killing black Americans at nearly two and a half times the rate of whites — has put a spotlight on our nation’s shameful racial divide in public health.

While the first and second public health revolutions vastly extended life expectancy by making strides against communicable disease (cholera, typhoid and dysentery) and chronic illness (heart disease and diabetes), racial gaps (and minority ethnic groups) remain a persistent contributor to negative health outcomes.

In a nation with growing economic disparities, scarred by centuries of systemic racism, the third revolution in public health must address the root causes of our remaining pervasive health inequities — poverty, pollution, housing, food security and other basic needs.

Since our systems have resulted in these issues disproportionately impacting communities of color, we need to conceive, develop and implement solutions that prioritize the wellbeing of people and communities that have been overlooked for far too long.

COVID-19 and inequity — public health needs a third revolution

It’s a daunting task, to be sure. But, with an approach I call precision community health, we can target our limited resources to be effective at addressing the most urgent public health inequities, while also supporting the eradication of racism throughout our society.

Investment is needed in public health systems, including state-of-the-art data collection and communications tools.

With these we can collect granular data on everything from asthma rates to housing conditions and police violence, broken down by race and income.

That data can then be transformed into knowledge to guide decision-making.

We can leverage social media and other communications strategies to deliver precisely targeted messages to ensure people have information they need, when and where they need it, to make informed decisions for themselves and their loved ones.

We can also invest in people by creating a national Public Health Corps, similar to AmeriCorps.

Recruitment could start with our country’s community health workers, our invaluable set of frontline public health workers who are already trusted members of the communities we serve today.

But importantly, these workers’ expertise and training can also build equity in communities today, by linking people to resources on housing, food security, employment and more.

Community health workers are also uniquely positioned to have an immediate impact on the spread of COVID-19 by performing the critical task of contact tracing — reaching out to those who test positive for COVID-19, helping them identify others they may have been exposed, then supporting them through quarantine and testing.

For any of our efforts to succeed, we must account for and honestly confront the distrust many people feel in our public institutions.

In this time of massive societal upheaval, we have a tremendous opportunity to shift our focus and resources to fully embrace public health solutions. But our field will need to reckon with our own painful history of systemic racism to realize our full potential.

If we are to continue making the breakthroughs that improve and extend lives as public health has done for decades, we must embrace the moment we are in.

It’s time to rethink public health by understanding the inequities that are making people sick and targeting resources where they are needed most.

Bechara Choucair, a family physician by training, was commissioner of the Chicago Department of Public Health from 2009 to 2014.

He is currently senior vice president and chief health officer at Kaiser Permanente and author of “Precision Community Health: Four Innovations for Well-being.”

Note: My Daydreaming health re-structuring project


What are the background of US ambassador to Lebanon? This Dorothie Shea?

This ambassador of the Extremist Evangelical supporters of Trump was transferred straight away from Israel to Lebanon. Her responsibilities for 4 years in Jerusalem consulate was handling the political files.

Dorothie is a General in the US army and worked in In Tunisia and Egypt and was a member of the National Security under Bolton.

She was dispatched to destabilize Lebanon and enforce the new Trump Caesar sanction law on Syria and Lebanon. This law was agreed upon by Congress and the Senate, which means it is totally an Israeli law.

كتب البروفسور والأستاذ في القانون الدولي والدبلوماسي خليل حسين

“من هي السفيرة دوروثي شيا؟..إنها سفيرة دونالد ترامب في لبنان وليست سفيرة أميركا.

من الأمور التي لا يعرفها الشعب اللبناني العظيم العنيد، عن هذه المرأة وكيفية تعيينها ومن اختارها ولماذا تم نقلها من تل أبيب الى بيروت مطلع هذا العام 2020،

بعد عملها كمسؤولة عن الملف السياسي في سفارتها لمدة أربع سنوات في الكيان الصهيوني وقنصلية القدس.

أن دوروتي شيا خريجة كلية أركان حرب بدرجة ماجستير، يعني رتبتها العسكرية (عميد) بصرف النظر عن عملها في تونس والقاهرة والكيان الصهيوني، المرأة كانت تابعة لجهاز الأمن القومن الذي تولاه جون بولتون قبل إقالته.

والذي اختار شيّا لتكون سفيرة في لبنان، هو ترامب شخصياً، وفرض الموافقة عليها فرضاً على الكونغرس لمهمة تأزيم الوضع في لبنان، والإشراف على تنفيذ العقوبات وقانون قيصر خدمة للمصالح الإسرائيلية، ولا شيء غير ذلك وهذا ما حصل منذ أن عُيّنت نيسان 2019.

المرأة لا تتمتع بأي حس دبلوماسي،

بشهادة اليزابيث ريتشارد السفيرة الأميركية السابقة التي استلمت مكانها شيّا، وقد أسرّت ريتشارد لبعض أصدقائها قبل مغادرتها، بأن شيّا ستفتح عليكم باب جهنم كما نقل أحد التقارير السياسية.

جماعة 14 آذار في لبنان يعتبرون دوروتي شيّا (غازي كنعان الأميركاني)، فهي تشبههم وهم يشبهونها ويعولون عليها كثيراً.

نبيل خوري دبلوماسي أميريكي من أصل لبناني عمل في الخارجية الأمريكية لأكثر من 25 سنة، وكان من مهامه تدريب السفراء والقناصل الذين سيعملون في الشرق الأوسط،

وقال بعد تقاعده على إحدى القنوات، كنت أقول لكل سفير وقنصل سيعمل في لبنان انتبه الى الساحة اللبنانية، لأنها كثيرة الانقسامات وقبل الحديث عن حزب الله.. يجب أن تعرف أن هذا الحزب يمثل أغلبية لبنانية، وله ممثلون في البرلمان ثم قال خوري عن شيّا: “أنها سفيرة حرب من المحافظين الجدد ومهمتها تنفيذ أجندة إدارة ترامب.”

Here we go again: Five Majestic Outdoor Destinations in Lebanon. Every country has Majestic sceneries.

The Wilderness Project. June 30, 2020

Nature is a gift to us and we should preserve it well! If you go on an amazing hike do tell us about it and share any pictures, too. We always love to hear from you!

Lebanon is a country truly blessed for its unique topography rich with gorgeous green landscapes throughout, and unlike the rest of the Middle East, it has no desert. (Though desertification and polluted water sources are catching up)

Its temperate, weather and abundance of lush rolling hills, natural waterways and diverse flora makes it an ideal country to explore by foot, pretty much anytime of the year. (This lush rolling hills and natural waterways are exaggerated description with the failure of this pseudo-State to shoulder its responsibilities)

While hiking and camping outdoors have always been popular activities in Lebanon, since the pandemic, more Lebanese than ever before have turned to nature looking for safe ways to unwind and to get some exercise.

As a hiking enthusiast myself, I always suggest to others that the best remedy for stress is a long walk amid beautiful surroundings. It certainly works for me.

In Lebanon you also get to see ancient ruins along the way thanks to the country’s rich and storied past. This could be anything from centuries old water mills, Ottoman arched stone bridges, Roman era terra cotta pottery pieces embedded in the soil to rock structures engraved in Latin letters

(During the second century A.D. the Roman Emperor Hadrian carved more than 200 rocks as boundary markers to control the logging of Lebanese Cedar trees, which were the most highly sought after building materials at the time).

Many hiking trails are also adjacent to historic Lebanese villages, which means if you finish your walk early you can benefit from additional sightseeing for the day (visit the local landmarks), stop by for a beverage or a meal or buy some local Mouneh (homemade preserved delicacies) before heading back home.

Now let me share with you five wonderful places in Lebanon that are definitely worth walk touring “à pied”.

Cedar Tree in Tannourine

Cedar Tree in Tannourine

Mill Trail

Mill Trail

1- Tannourine

Tannourine is perhaps most famous for its cedars forest covering 12 square kilometers which is also one of the country’s most picturesque and pristine areas for walking, some even growing on extreme vertical slopes),

You can spot grottos and plenty of vibrant wild flowers. If you prefer a more rugged terrain with some sightseeing, try the Mill Trail of Tannourine.

You can start this hike at the centrally located historic Medieval Church of Mar Challita (famous for having two alters). Then head towards the nearby Mill Trail, which is alongside the picturesque Walnut River (Nahr el Jawz).

Like the trail’s name suggests, you will come across several old mills (Al Aabara, Al Nsoub and Emm Zahra). You can also visit the impressive Baatara Sinkhole, a natural phenomenon, and sit and marvel at the 255-meter-deep Jurassic limestone cavern.

While it is mainly dry during summer, in winter and spring a dramatic waterfall flowing into the sinkhole can be enjoyed. After a long morning hike this place is great to rest and have your picnic lunch (it also has a few snack areas serving sandwiches and mezza).

2- Qadisha Valley (Holy Valley)

Also referred to as Wadi Qannoubine (Valley of the Saints), this place has an incredible vibe, landscape and legacy (all three).

This place is an UNESCO World Heritage Site (Lebanon has five in total) so it is a protected zone, with the few people living on the premises comprised of those in the monasteries and churches.

Qadisha valley is a breathtaking gorge marked by rocky hillsides covered with natural caves, which have been used as shelters and burials going back to the Paleolithic period. Later on it became a refuge for those in search of solitude or escaping religious persecution, from Sufis to Christians (It has hosted monastic communities since the earliest years of Christianity, and again in the 12th, 17th and 18th century, for those fleeing persecution at the hands of the Mamluks and later the Ottomans).

Often penned the Lebanese mini Grand Canyon, this utterly peaceful sanctuary is 1,400 meters above sea level with sweeping views all around and has a river that carves out the floor of the valley with water flowing through it in the springtime.

There are various entrances to begin a hike in this valley, but the most commonly used is Mafraq Qannoubine (the main road in Bcharre).

Once you enter Qadisha you can follow the signposts and walk towards Mar Elisha monastery or Qannoubine monastery. Otherwise you can plan ahead and seek the advice of Lebanon Mountrail Trail (LMT) which has mapped out most hiking trails in the country

(I did this hiking expedition with the steepest and awkward of stairs for many miles)

Rocky cliffs dotted with ancient natural caves

Rocky cliffs dotted with ancient natural caves

St. Marina the Monk Church

St. Marina the Monk Church

3- Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve (JMBR)

Our next hiking gem is a biosphere reserve. JMBR has an exceptionally rich biodiversity hosting 750 species of flowers and trees.

In addition, 137 migratory and soaring bird species and 25 mammal species make this mountainous area their home (among them are foxes, squirrels, hedgehogs, wild boars and the very rare striped hyenas).

You can also find historic sites, such as Roman era stone stairs, a Byzantine church, a centuries old watermill and olive press, several ruins of old houses, an abandoned Ottoman settlement and rocks with the famous Emperor Hadrian’s inscriptions.

The reserve covers an area of 6500 hectares and offers 10 different trails, which can be accessed from three main entrances: Qehmez. Mchati and Chouwen.

I highly recommend the hike to its highest summit Qornet el Mzar (1600m) that shelters the ruins of a Roman temple; it offers sweeping panoramic views of the entire country, and on a clear day you can see as far as Cyprus and Syria.

There is a small entrance fee of 8,000 Lira (4,000 Lira for the under 16) to enter Jabal Moussa. On your way out check out their kiosk selling Mouneh and handicraft products made by local women. You can support them with your purchase!

Floral diversity of Jabal Moussa

Floral diversity of Jabal Moussa

Remains of an old house

Remains of an old house

Forest boundary marker of Emperor Hadrian

Forest boundary marker of Emperor Hadrian Picture Credit:

4- Jannet Chouwen

If there is a place to be crowned heaven on Earth, Jannet Chouwen on a sunny day might come pretty darn close. This stunning area is ideal for hiking, camping out, going for a swim and just basking in nature for as long as possible.

The hiking hotspot is most famous for its stream that runs down the mountain and flows into the Nahr Ibrahim River, also known as the river of the God Adonis (a.k.the river of immortal love!)

A year ago I swam in this pristine stream and I can assure you, being in this fresh invigorating natural bath outdoes any spa! This river is accessible through JMBR’s Chouwen entrance. From there you need to walk downhill for about 45 min until you reach the area.

(You may read my humoristic trekking adventure on this supposed Promised Paradise)

Aerial view of Nahr Ibrahim

Aerial view of Nahr Ibrahim

5- Darb El Mselha (Mselha Walkway)

This hiking destination takes its name from the Mseilha Fort in Batroun, which was built by Emir Fakhreddine II in the 17th century to protect the city from enemy attacks.

The actual walk begins from the Mseilha Fort and is parallel with the picturesque Nahr El Joz so you can also enjoy the beautiful water canals as you stroll along. The trail can take you all the way to Kaftoun village, which is approximately 12 kilometers away.

This is actually a new hiking spot in Lebanon and has been immensely popular with hikers and families alike looking for areas to have a nice walk and even stop for a picnic along the way.

Parts of the trail have cement blocks with small gaps in between which can be unsafe for younger children, so just make sure they are well attended to if you bring them along with you. Dogs are also forbidden on this trail.

Darb Mseilha is easily accessible from the Batroun highway before Chekka. You can conveniently park your car at the entrance of this well maintained public trail and see where it takes you!

Glad you enjoyed reading about five of my favourite hiking areas in Lebanon. While I only mentioned a few, the country has countless excellent nature destinations so you are spoilt for choice.

You can read more about the various trails via LMT, which I previously mentioned. So, wishing you all happy trails if you go for an outdoor adventure! Remember wherever you go, keep the area clean and respect the rules in any reserve or outdoor area.


First Picture: Arz Hadath El Jebbeh in Bcharre taken by Alia Fawaz. All pictures (with the exception of Hadrian’s Rock in Jabal Moussa) have been also provided by the author taken during her hikes.




July 2020

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